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Hello! I love Pico-8, however I've been trying to find out how to do collision. I've done tons of stuff, however the closest I get does the job for some games. However it can't slide.

Let's say you could move the player in 8 directions top down, and there's a wall on your right. If I hold right, I will run into the wall, however due to the way my code works (and I've tried different ways) if you hold up and right, instead of just going up it just makes you stay there. Meaning it's hard to get into 1 tile gaps in walls.

I've also noticed platformers are hard to do as well, as my code checks each corner, I have no way to check what direction a wall is, meaning if you're jumping while running into a wall, when you get to the top and only one corner is touching the wall, it makes you stick.

So is there any good collision systems that is easy to understand, and allows sliding? Thanks. :)

P#55482 2018-08-21 18:45 ( Edited 2018-08-23 06:44)

As always, have a look at the demos/collide sample.
In short, the trick is to separate axis responses:

  • check x+dx, kill dx if wall
  • check y+dy, kill dy if wall

For much more complex collisions, have a look at Celeste, Tomb of Gnur, Micro Platformer Toolkit...

P#55496 2018-08-22 01:35 ( Edited 2018-08-22 05:35)
1

For me, I'm using this on my Jump'n Run-Games:

function update_player(f)
 repeat
  if f.dx>0 then
   f.dx-=f.friction
   if(f.dx<0)f.dx=0
  elseif f.dx<0 then
   f.dx+=f.friction
   if(f.dx>0)f.dx=0
  end
 until not is_solid(f.x+f.dx,f.y)
 f.x+=f.dx
end

"is_solid" is a function that checks all 4 Corners and returns "true", if one of them is a solid Block.

The same goes for Jumps. Code between "f.x+=f.dx" and "end":

 f.dy+=f.gravity
 while is_solid(f.x,f.y+f.dy) do
  if f.dy>0 then
   f.dy-=f.gravity
   if(f.dy<0)f.dy=0
  elseif f.dy<0 then
   f.dy+=f.gravity
   if(f.dy>0)f.dy=0
  end
 end
 f.y+=f.dy

I must confess that the Code is somewhat "ugly" (especially the Part where f.dy gots "negative-Gravity"), but for me, it works like a charm. Sliding absolutely works.

To be complete, the code for the "is_solid"-function. It just checks the Flags for the Sprites:

function is_solid(x, y, flag)
 flag = flag or 0
 if(fget(mget(flr(x/8),flr(y/8)),flag))return true
 if(fget(mget(flr((x+7)/8),flr(y/8)),flag))return true
 if(fget(mget(flr(x/8),flr((y+7)/8)),flag))return true
 if(fget(mget(flr((x+7)/8),flr((y+7)/8)),flag))return true
 return false
end
P#55532 2018-08-23 02:44 ( Edited 2018-08-23 06:45)

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