Log In  Follow rilden Follow 4    Cart #rld_conway-0 | 2021-06-27 | Code ▽ | License: CC4-BY-NC-SA 4 Controls: change color with left and right, change speed with up and down.
You can change the initial board by changing the spritesheet. Use colors 0 and 7.

The board is stored as a bitmap, 1 bit per cell at address 0x4300.

Updating the board:
32 cells are processed in parallel using bitwise operations.
The bits are added together using the following functions:

 ``` function add2(a, b) sum = a ^^ b carry = a & b return sum, carry end function add3(a, b, c) tmp = a ^^ b sum = tmp ^^ c carry = a & b | tmp & c return sum, carry end```

Let's use the following map to refer to the neighboring cells:

 ``` abc -- above d.e -- current fgh -- below```

We get the sum of b+g using add2(above, below).
We get the sum of a+d+f and the sum of c+e+h by using add3(above, current, below). To access the sum of a+d+f or c+e+h we shift the result left or right by 1.
Now we have the 3 sums as 2 digit binary numbers:

 ``` sum bit0 bit1 b+g: s0 c0 a+d+f: s1 c1 c+e+h: s2 c2```

We add these numbers one column at a time to get bit0 and bit1 of the final sum:

 ``` bit0, c = add3(s0, s1, s2) sum, carry = add3(c0, c1, c2) bit1 = sum ^^ c```

A cell is alive in the next generation if:

1. it has 3 neighbors, or
2. it's alive now and has 2 neighbors.

In the 1st case: 3=11 in binary so the sum is 3 if bit0=1 and bit1=1 and carry=0. The formula is bit0 & bit1 & ~carry
Similarly in the 2nd case the formula is: current_cell & ~bit0 & bit1 & ~carry
The result is: bit0 & bit1 & ~carry | current_cell & ~bit0 & bit1 & ~carry
This can be simplified to (bit0 | current_cell & ~bit0) & bit1 & ~carry, which is equal to (bit0 | current_cell) & bit1 & ~carry

To speed up the main loop the add2 and add3 functions are inlined, redundant computations are removed and the loop is unrolled 4 times.

Drawing:
The board is expanded from 8 bits to 32 bits using a lookup table and poked to screen memory.

P#94115 2021-06-27 00:20

Generated 2021-07-24 20:39:06 | 0.087s | Q:9