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Pico8lisp is a small lisp interpreter built on PICO-8 virtual machine!

You can find a walkthrough of the programming language features on my github here: https://github.com/andrewguy9/pico8lisp

Try it out!

Cart #pico8lisp1-7 | 2021-09-16 | Code ▽ | Embed ▽ | License: CC4-BY-NC-SA
9

Using the REPL

You can type commands directly into the shell.

> (+ 1 2)
  3

<return> submits the command.

Press <up> and <down> to scroll through your command history.

Press <left> and <right> to move the cursor.

<backspace> will remove the character to the left of the cursor.

<shift>-d will remove the character to the right of the cursor.

Toggle between insert and replace modes by pressing <shift>-I.

Language Specification:

Literals

Numbers

Literal numbers are just the numbers themselves.

> 123
  123

Symbols

Symbols are used as names for forms/functions/constants/just about anything. Symbols can be written as series of letters a-z. More on that later.

Nil

Nil can be written as nil

> nil
  ()

Note that nil evaluated to an empty list (). That's because the symbol nil is bound to the empty list. This is the only false value in picolisp!

Boolean

Everything except nil is true.
But we do have a special value to represent truth.

> $t
  $t

Expressions

Calling Functions

The first element of a list is assumed to be a function.

> (+ 1 2)
  3

You can even nest list expressions.

> (+ (+ 1 2) 3)
  6

Supported Numeric Functions

* + plus
* - subtract
* * multiply
* / divide
* % modulus

Clear screen

If your repl gets confusing, clear the screen

(clear)

Lists

You can write a list literal with the quote function.

> (quote (1 2 3))
  (1 2 3)

Quote prevents the list from being evaluated!

There is a special quote operator to make this to read.

> '(1 2 3)
  '(1 2 3)

There are many functions which work with lists

> (empty? ())
  $t
> (len '(1 2 3))
  3
> (first '(1 2 3))
  1
> (second '(1 2 3))
  2
> (nth 2 '(1 2 3))
  3
> (rest '(1 2 3))
  (2 3)
> (reverse '(1 2 3))
  (3 2 1)
> (reduce + 0 '(1 2 3 4))
  10
> (map inc '(1 2 3))
  (2 3 4)
> (filter (fn (x) (= x 1)) '(1 2))
  (1)

Symbols

By default symbols are evaluated, but you can prevent that with quote.

> 'mysymbol
  mysymbol

Def

You can define global symbols with a value.

> (def age 38)
  38

> age
  38

local bindings

While def symbols are globally available, you can make locally scoped definitions with let

> (let (x 3 y 2) (+ x y))
  5

You can define functions

Use defn to make a function globally accessible.

> (defn inc (x) (+ x 1))
  (fn (x) (+ x 1))

> (inc 2)
  3

If statements

Branches are supported by if statements.

> (if (= 1 1) 'happy 'sad)
  happy
> (if (= 1 2) 'happy 'sad)
  sad

If else if..., else statements are supported via cond

> (def x 1)
> (cond (= x 0) 'zero (= x 1) 'one $t 'other)
  one

Supported logic operators:

  • = - equals check
  • ! - not
  • and -logical and
  • or - logical or

Examples

> (= 1 1)
  $t
> (= 1 2)
  ()
> (= '(1 2) '(1 2))
  $t
> (! nil)
  $t
> (! $t)
  nil
> (! 1)
  nil
> (and nil 1)
  ()
> (or nil 1)
  $t
P#96658 2021-08-30 01:34 ( Edited 2021-09-16 07:30)


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