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	PICO-8 v0.2.2c
	(c) Copyright 2014-2021 Lexaloffle Games LLP
	Author: Joseph White // [email protected]

	PICO-8 is built with:
		SDL2 http://www.libsdl.org
		Lua 5.2 http://www.lua.org  // see license.txt
		ws281x by jgarff            // see license.txt
		GIFLIB http://giflib.sourceforge.net/
		WiringPi http://wiringpi.com/
		libb64 by Chris Venter
		miniz by Rich Geldreich

	Latest version of this manual: https://www.lexaloffle.com/pico-8.php?page=manual


Welcome to PICO-8!

	PICO-8 is a fantasy console for making, sharing and playing tiny games and other computer 
	programs. When you turn it on, the machine greets you with a shell for typing in Lua programs 
	and provides simple built-in tools for creating sprites, maps and sound.

	The harsh limitations of PICO-8 are carefully chosen to be fun to work with, encourage small
	but expressive designs and hopefully to give PICO-8 cartridges their own particular look and 

:: Keys

	Toggle Fullscreen: Alt+Enter 
	Quit: Alt+F4 or command-Q
	Reload/Run/Restart cart: Ctrl+R
	Quick-Save: Ctrl+S
	Mute/Unmute: Ctrl+M
	Player 1 defaults: Cursors + ZX / NM / CV
	Player 2 defaults: SDFE + tab,Q / shift A
	Enter or P for pause menu (while running)
	// use KEYCONFIG to change the defaults.

:: Specs

	Display: 128x128, fixed 16 colour palette
	Input: 6-button controllers
	Cartridge size: 32k
	Sound: 4 channel, 64 definable chip blerps
	Code: Lua (max 8192 tokens of code) 
	Sprites: Single bank of 128 8x8 sprites (+128 shared)
	Map: 128x32 8-bit cells (+128x32 shared)

:: Hello World

	After PICO-8 boots, try typing some of these commands followed by enter:

	(Note: PICO-8 only displays upper-case characters -- just type normally without capslock!)
	You can build up an interactive program by using commands like this in the code editing
	mode along with two special callback functions _UPDATE and _DRAW. For example, the following
	program allows you to move a circle around with the cursor keys. Press Esc to switch to
	the code editor and type or copy & paste the following code:

		X = 64  Y = 64
		 IF (BTN(0)) THEN X=X-1 END
		 IF (BTN(1)) THEN X=X+1 END
		 IF (BTN(2)) THEN Y=Y-1 END
		 IF (BTN(3)) THEN Y=Y+1 END


	Now press Esc to return to the console and type RUN (or press CTRL-R) to see it in action.
	Please refer to the demo cartridges for more complex programs (type INSTALL_DEMOS).
	If you want to store your program for later, use the SAVE command:
	And to load it again:

:: Example Cartridges

	These cartridges are included with PICO-8 and can be installed by typing:
	HELLO      Greetings from PICO-8
	API        Demonstrates most PICO-8 functions
	JELPI      Platform game demo w/ 2p support 
	CAST       2.5D Raycaster demo
	DRIPPY     Draw a drippy squiggle
	WANDER     Simple walking simulator
	COLLIDE    Example wall and actor collisions

	To run a cartridge, open PICO-8 and type:

	Press escape to stop the program, and once more to enter editing mode.

	A small collection of BBS carts can also be installed to /GAMES with: 


:: File System

	These commands can be used to manage files and directories (folders):
	LS          list the current directory
	CD BLAH     change directory
	CD ..       go up a directory
	CD /        change back to top directory (on PICO-8's virtual drive)
	MKDIR BLAH  make a directory
	FOLDER      open the current directory in the host operating system's file browser

	LOAD BLAH  load a cart from the current directory
	SAVE BLAH  save a cart to the current directory
	If you want to move files around, duplicate them or delete them, use the FOLDER 
	command and do it in the host operating system.
	The default location for PICO-8's drive is:
	Windows: C:/Users/Yourname/AppData/Roaming/pico-8/carts
	OSX: /Users/Yourname/Library/Application Support/pico-8/carts
	Linux: ~/.lexaloffle/pico-8/carts

	You can change this and other settings in pico-8/config.txt
	Tip: The drive directory can be mapped to a cloud drive (provided by Dropbox, Google
	Drive or similar) in order to create a single disk shared between PICO-8 machines spread 
	across different host machines.

:: Loading and Saving

	When using LOAD and SAVE, the .P8 extention can be omitted and is added automatically.
	Saving to a .p8.png extention will save the cartridge in a special image format that
	looks like a cartridge.
	Use a filename of "@CLIP" to load or save to the clipboard.

	Once a cartridge has been loaded or saved, it can also be quick-saved with CTRL-S

	:: Saving .p8.png carts with a text label and preview image
		To generate a label image saved with the cart, run the program first and press CTRL-7 to grab
		whatever is on the screen. The first two lines of the program starting with '--' are also 
		drawn to the cart's label.


	:: Code size restrictions for .png format
		When saving in .png format, the compressed size of the code must be less than 15360 bytes.
		To find out the current size of your code, use the INFO command. The compressed size limit 
		is not enforced for saving in .p8 format.

:: Using an External Text Editor

	It is possible to edit .p8 files directly with a separate text editor. Using CTRL-R to run a
	cartridge will automatically re-load the file if:
		1. There are no unsaved changes in the PICO-8 editors, AND
		2. The file differs in content from the last loaded version
	If there are changes to both the cart on disk and in the editor, a notification is displayed:
	Alternatively, .lua text files can be modifed in a separate editor and then included into the 
	cartridge's code each time it is run using #INCLUDE (in the desired code location):


:: Backups

	If you quit without saving changes, or overwrite an existing file, a backup of the cartridge 
	is saved to {appdata}/pico-8/backup. An extra copy of the current cartridge can also be saved
	to the same folder by typing BACKUP.

:: Configuration

	:: config.txt
		You can find some settings in config.txt. Edit the file when PICO-8 is not running.
		Windows: C:/Users/Yourname/AppData/Roaming/pico-8/config.txt
		OSX: /Users/Yourname/Library/Application Support/pico-8/config.txt
		Linux: ~/.lexaloffle/pico-8/config.txt

		Use the -home switch (below) to use a different path to store config.txt and other data.
		Some settings can be changed while running PICO-8 by typing CONFIG SETTING VALUE.
		(type CONFIG by itself for a list)

	:: Commandline parameters
		// note: these override settings found in config.txt
		pico-8 [switches] [filename.p8]
		-width n                 set the window width 
		-height n                set the window height 
		-windowed n              set windowed mode off (0) or on (1)
		-volume n                set audio volume 0..256
		-joystick n              joystick controls starts at player n (0..7)
		-pixel_perfect n         1 for unfiltered screen stretching at integer scales (on by default)
		-preblit_scale n         scale the display by n before blitting to screen (useful with -pixel_perfect 0)
		-draw_rect x,y,w,h       absolute window coordinates and size to draw pico-8's screen 
		-run filename            load and run a cartridge
		-x filename              execute a PICO-8 cart headless and then quit (experimental!)
		-export param_str        run EXPORT command in headless mode and exit (see notes under export)
		-p param_str             pass a parameter string to the specified cartridge
		-splore                  boot in splore mode
		-home path               set the path to store config.txt and other user data files
		-root_path path          set the path to store cartridge files
		-desktop path            set a location for screenshots and gifs to be saved
		-screenshot_scale n      scale of screenshots.  default: 3 (368x368 pixels)
		-gif_scale n             scale of gif captures. default: 2 (256x256 pixels)
		-gif_len n               set the maximum gif length in seconds (1..120)
		-gui_theme n             use 1 for a higher contrast editor colour scheme
		-timeout n               how many seconds to wait before downloads timeout (default: 30)
		-software_blit n         use software blitting mode off (0) or on (1)
		-foreground_sleep_ms n   how many milliseconds to sleep between frames.
		-background_sleep_ms n   how many milliseconds to sleep between frames when running in background
		-accept_future n         1 to allow loading cartridges made with future versions of PICO-8
		-global_api n            1 to leave api functions in global scope (useful for debugging)

:: Controller Setup

	PICO-8 uses the SDL2 controller configuration scheme. It will detect common controllers
	on startup and also looks for custom mappings in sdl_controllers.txt in the same directory 
	as config.txt. sdl_controllers.txt has one mapping per line.

	To generate a custom mapping string for your controller, use either the controllermap
	program that comes with SDL2, or try http://www.generalarcade.com/gamepadtool/

	To find out the id of your controller as it is detected by SDL2, search for "joysticks"
	or "Mapping" in log.txt after running PICO-8. This id may vary under different operating
	systems. See: https://www.lexaloffle.com/bbs/?tid=32130
	To set up which keyboard keys trigger joystick buttons presses, use KEYCONFIG.

:: Screenshots, Videos and Cartridge Labels

	While a cartridge is running use:

		CTRL-6 Save a screenshot to desktop
		CTRL-7 Capture cartridge label image
		CTRL-8 Start recording a video
		CTRL-9 Save GIF video to desktop (8 seconds by default)
	You can save a video at any time (it is always recording); CTRL-8 simply resets the video
	starting point. To record more than 8 seconds, use the CONFIG command (maximum: 120)


	If you would like the recording to reset every time (to create a non-overlapping sequence), use:


	The gif format can not match 30fps exactly, so PICO-8 instead uses the closest match: 33.3fps.

	If you have trouble saving to the desktop, try configuring an alternative desktop path in config.txt

:: Sharing Cartridges

	There are three ways to share carts made in PICO-8:
		1. Share the .p8 or .p8.png file directly with other PICO-8 users
			Type FOLDER to open the current folder in your host operating system.
		2. Post the cart on the Lexaloffe BBS to get a web-playable version

		3. Export the cartridge to a stand-alone html/js or native binary player
			(see the exporters section for details)

:: Exporters / Importers

	The EXPORT command can be used to generate png, wav files and stand-alone html and native
	binary cartridge players. The output format is inferred from the filename extention (e.g.
	You are free to distribute and use exported cartridges and data as you please, provided 
	that you have permission from the author and contributors.

	:: Sprite Sheet (.png)
		IMPORT BLAH.PNG     --  expects 128x128 png and colour-fits to the pico-8 palette
		EXPORT BLAH.PNG     --  use folder() to locate the exported png

		When importing, -x and -y switches can be used to specify the target location in pixels:
		-s can be used to shrink the image (3 means scale from 384x384 -> 128x128)

	:: SFX and Music (.wav)
		EXPORT BLAH.WAV     --  export music from the current pattern (when editor mode is MUSIC)
		EXPORT BLAH.WAV     --  export the current SFX (when editor mode is SFX)
		EXPORT BLAH%D.WAV   --  exports all of the SFXs as blah0.wav, blah1.wav .. blah63.wav

	:: HTML Player (.html)
		To generate a stand-alone html player (foo.html, foo.js):
		Or just the .js file:

		Use -f to write the files to a folder called foo_html, using index.html instead of foo.html
		Optionally provide a custom html template with the -p switch:

		This will use the file {application data}/pico-8/plates/one_button.html as the html shell, 
		replacing a special string "##js_file##" (without quotes), with the .js filename, and
		optionally replacing the string "##label_file##" with the cart's label image as a data url.

		Use -w to export as .wasm + .js:  // ** still experimental! **

	:: Binary Player (.bin)
		To generate stand-alone executables for Windows, Linux (64-bit), Mac and Raspberry Pi:
		By default, the cartridge label is used as an icon with no transparency. 
		To specificy an icon from the sprite sheet, use -i and optionally -s and/or -c 
		to control the size and transparency.
			-I N  Icon index N with a default transparent colour of 0 (black).
			-S N  Size NxN sprites. Size 3 would be produce a 24x24 icon.
			-C N  Treat colour N as transparent. Use 16 for no transparency.
		For example, to use a 2x2 sprite starting at index 32 in the spritesheet, 
		using colour 12 as transparent:
			> EXPORT -I 32 -S 2 -C 12 FOO.BIN

		To include an extra file in the output folders and archives, use the -E switch:


		Technical note: Windows file systems do not support the file metadata needed to create a
			Linux or Mac executable. PICO-8 works around this by exporting zip files in a way
			that preserves the file attributes. It is therefore recommended that you distribute
			the outputted zip files as-is to ensure users on other operating systems can run them.

			Otherwise, a Linux user who then downloads the binaries may need to "chmod +x foo" 
			the file to run it, and Mac user would need to "chmod +x foo.app/Contents/MacOS/foo"

Binaries will still export from PICO-8 running under Windows,
			but a Linux user would then need to manually "chmod +x foo" the file to run it, or a
			Mac user would need to open Terminal and: "chmod +x foo.app/Contents/MacOS/foo"

			For now, the only work-around is simply to export from a Mac or Linux machine, but a 
			better solution is in development.

	:: Uploading to itch.io
		If you would like to upload your exported cartridge to itch.io as playable html:

			1. From inside PICO-8: EXPORT -F FOO.HTML
			2. Create a new project from your itch dashboard.
			3. Zip up the folder and upload it (set "This file will be played in the browser")
			4. Embed in page, with a size of 750px x 680px.
			5. Set "Mobile Friendly" on (default orientation) and "Automatically start on page load" on.
				// no need for the fullscreen button as the default PICO-8 template has its own.
			6. Set the background (BG2) to something dark (e.g. #232323) and the text to something light (#cccccc)

	:: Exporting Multiple Cartridges

		Up to 16 cartridges can be bundled together by passing them to EXPORT, when generating
		stand-alone html or native binary players.
		During runtime, the extra carts can be accessed as if they were local files:
		RELOAD(0,0,0x2000, "DAT1.P8") -- load spritesheet from DAT1.P8
		LOAD("GAME2.P8") -- load and run another cart

	:: Running EXPORT from the host operating system

		Use the -export switch when launching PICO-8 to run the exporter in headless mode.
		File paths are relative to the current directory rather than the PICO-8 file system.

		parameters to the EXPORT command are passed along as a single (lowercase) string:

			pico8 foo.p8 -export "-i 32 -s 2 -c 12 foo.bin dat0.p8 dat1.p8"

	:: Limitations of Exported Cartridges

		Exported cartridges are unable to load and run BBS cartridges e.g. via LOAD("#FOO")

:: Splore

	SPLORE is a built-in utility for browsing and organising both local and bbs (online)
	cartridges. Type SPLORE [enter] to launch it, or launch PICO-8 with -splore. 
	It is possible to control SPLORE entirely with a joystick:
	LEFT and RIGHT to navigate lists of cartridges
	UP AND DOWN to select items in each list
	X,O or MENU to launch the cartridge
	While inside a cart, press MENU to favourite a cartridge or exit to splore.
	If you're using a keyboard, it's also possible to press F to favourite an item
	while it is selected in the cartridge list view.
	When viewing a list of BBS carts, use the top list item to re-download a list of
	cartridges. If you are offline, the last downloaded list is displayed, and it is
	still possible to play any cartridges you have downloaded.
	If you have installed PICO-8 on a machine with no internet access, you can also
	use INSTALL_GAMES to add a small selection of pre-installed BBS carts to /games

:: Quirks of PICO-8

	Common gotchas to watch out for:
	- The bottom half of the spritesheet and bottom half of the map occupy the same memory.
		// Best use only one or the other if you're unsure how this works.
	- PICO-8 numbers have limited accuracy and range; the minimum step between numbers is approximately 
		0.00002 (0x0.0001), with a range of -32768 (-0x8000) to approximately 32767.99999 (0x7fff.ffff)
		// If you add 1 to a counter each frame, it will overflow after around 18 minutes!
	- Lua arrays are 1-based by default, not 0-based. FOREACH starts at TBL[1], not TBL[0].
	- COS() and SIN() take 0..1 instead of 0..PI*2, and SIN() is inverted.
	- SGN(0) returns 1.
	- Toggle fullscreen: use alt-enter on OSX (command-F is used for searching text).
	- When you want to export a .png cartridge, use SAVE, not EXPORT. EXPORT will save only the spritesheet!

	Editor Modes
	Press escape to toggle between console and editor
	Click editing mode tabs at top right to switch or press ALT+LEFT/RIGHT

	** WARNING: The second half of the sprite sheet (banks 2 and 3), and the bottom half
	of the map share the same cartridge space. It's up to you how you use the data, but
	be aware that drawing on the second half of the sprite sheet could clobber data on
	the map and vice versa.

:: Code Editor
	Hold shift to select (or click and drag with mouse)
	CTRL-X, C, V to cut copy or paste selected
	CTRL-Z, Y to undo, redo
	CTRL-F to search for text in the current tab
	CTRL-G to repeat the last search again
	CTRL-L to jump to a line number
	CTRL-UP, DOWN to jump to start or end
	ALT-UP, DOWN to navigate to the previous, next function
	CTRL-LEFT, RIGHT to jump by word
	CTRL-W,E to jump to start or end of current line
	CTRL-D to duplicate current line
	TAB to indent a selection (shift to un-indent)
	CTRL-B to comment / uncomment selected block

	To enter special characters that represent buttons (and other glyphs), use SHIFT-L,R,U,D,O,X
	There are 3 additional font entry modes that can be toggled:

		CTRL_J Hiragana   // type romanji equivalents (ka, ki, ku..)
		CTRL-K Katakana   // + shift-0..9 for extra symbols
		CTRL-P Puny font  // hold shift for the standard font

		// By default, puny font characters are encoded as unicode replacements when copying/pasting,
		// and both upper and lower case ASCII characters are pasted as regular PICO-8 characters.
		// To copy/paste puny characters as uppercase ASCII, make sure puny mode (CTRL-P) is on.

	:: Tabs
		Click the [+] button at the top to add a new tab.
		Navigate tabs by left-clicking, or with ctrl-tab, shift-ctrl-tab.
		To remove the last tab, delete any contents and then moving off it (CTRL-A, del, ctrl-tab)
		When running a cart, a single program is generated by concatenating all tabs in order.

	:: Code limits
		The current number of code tokens is shown at the bottom right. One program can have a
		maximum of 8192 tokens. Each token is a word (e.g. variable name) or operator. Pairs of
		brackets, and strings each count as 1 token. commas, periods, LOCALs, semi-colons, ENDs,
		and comments are not counted.
		Right click to toggle through other stats (character count, compressed size).
		If a limit is reached, a warning light will flash. This can be disabled by right-clicking.

:: Sprite Editor

	The sprite editor is designed to be used both for sprite-wise editing and for freeform 
	pixel-level editing. The sprite navigator at the bottom of the screen provides an 8x8-wise 
	view into the sprite-sheet, but it is possible to use freeform tools (pan, select) when
	dealing with larger or oddly sized areas.

	Draw Tool
		Click and drag on the sprite to plot pixels
		Applies to visible area
		Hold CTRL to search and replace a colour
		Use right mouse button to select colour

	Stamp Tool
		Click to stamp whatever is in the copy buffer
		Hold LCONTROL to treat colour 0 (black) as transparent 

	Select Tool // shortcut: LSHIFT or S
		Create a selection
		Enter or click to select none.
		If a pixel-wise selection is not present, many operations are instead applied
		to a sprite-wise selection, or the visible view. To select sprites, shift-drag in the sprite navigator.
		To select the spritesheet press ctrl-A (repeat to toggle off the bottom half shared with map data)
	Pan Tool // shortcut: space
		View the spritesheet.
	Fill Tool
		Fill with the current colour
		Applies to the current selection
		If no selection, applies to visible area
	Shape Tools
		Click the tool button to cycle through: circle, rectangle, line
		Hold ctrl to get a filled circle or rectangle

	Extra keys
		CTRL-Z to undo
		CTRL-C to copy selected area or selected sprites
		CTRL-V to paste to current sprite location
		Q,W to switch to previous/next sprite
		1,2 to switch to previous/next colour
		Tab to toggle fullscreen view
		Mousewheel or < and > to zoom (centered in fullscreen)
		CTRL-H to toggle hex view (shows sprite index in hexidecimal)
	Operations on selected area or selected sprites:
		f to flip
		v to flip vertically
		r to rotate (must be square selection)
		Cursor keys to move (loops if sprite selection)
	Sprite flags
		The 8 coloured circles are sprite flags for the current sprite.
		Each one can be true (on) or false (off), and are accessed by
		using the FSET and FGET functions. They are indexed from 0, from
		the left (0,1,2..7). See fset() for more information.

	Loading .png files into the spritesheet

		To load a png file of any size into the spritesheet, first select the sprite that
		should be the top-left corner desitination, and then either type "IMPORT IMAGE_FILE.PNG"
		or drag and drop the image file into the PICO-8 window. In both cases, the image is
		colour-fitted to the current display palette.

:: Map Editor

	The PICO-8 map is a 128x32 (or 128x64 using shared space) block of 8-bit values.
	Each value is shown in the editor as a reference to a sprite (0..255), but you can
	of course use the data to represent whatever you like.

	The tools are similar to the ones used in sprite editing mode. Select a sprite
	and click and drag to paint values into the map.	

	To draw multiple sprites, select from sprite navigator with shift+drag
	To copy a block of values, use the selection tool and then stamp tool to paste
	To pan around the map, use the pan tool or hold space
	Q,W to switch to previous/next sprite
	Mousewheel or < and > to zoom (centered in fullscreen)
	CTRL-H to toggle hex view (shows tile values and sprite index in hexidecimal)

	To move sprites in the spritesheet without breaking references to them in the map:
		1. Select the area of the map you would like to alter (defaults to the top half of the map)
			// press ctrl-A twice to select the full map including shared memory
		2. Select the sprites you would like to move (while still in map view), and press Ctrl-X
		3. Select the destination sprite (also while still in map view) and press Ctrl-V

		// Note: this operation modifies the undo history for both the map and sprite editors, but
		// PICO-8 will try to keep them in sync where possible. Otherwise, changes caused by moving
		// map sprites can be reverted by also manually undoing in the sprite editor.

:: SFX Editor

	There are 64 SFX ("sound effects") in a cartridge, used for both sound and music.
	Each SFX has 32 notes, and each note has:
		A frequency   (C0..C5)
		An instrument (0..7)
		A volume      (0..7)
		An effect     (0..7)
	Each SFX also has these properties:
		A play speed (SPD) : the number of 'ticks' to play each note for.
			// This means that 1 is fastest, 3 is 3x as slow, etc.

		Loop start and end : this is the note index to loop back and to
			// Looping is turned off when the start index >= end index

		When only the first of the 2 numbers is used (and the second one is 0),
		it is taken to mean the number of notes to be played. This is normally
		not needed for sound effects (you can just leave the remaining notes
		empty), but is useful for controlling music playback.

	There are 2 modes for editing/viewing a SFX: Pitch mode (more suitable
	for sound effects) and tracker mode (more suitable for music). The mode
	can be changed using the top-left buttons, or toggled with TAB.
	1. Pitch Mode
		Click and drag on the pitch area to set the frequency for each note,
		using the currently selected instrument (indicated by colour).
		Hold shift to apply only the selected instrument
		Hold CTRL to snap entered notes to the C minor pentatonic scale
		Right click to grab the instrument of that note

	2. Tracker Mode
		Each note shows: frequency octave instrument volume effect
		To enter a note, use q2w3er5t6y7ui zsxdcvgbhnjm (piano-like layout)
		Hold shift when entering a note to transpose -1 octave .. +1 octave
		New notes are given the selected instrument/effect values
		To delete a note, use backspace or set the volume to 0
		Click and then shift-click to select a range that can be copied
		(CTRL-C) and pasted (CTRL-V). Note that only the selected attributes
		are copied. Double-click to select all attributes of a single note.

			PAGEUP/DOWN or CTRL-UP/DOWN to skip up or down 4 notes
			HOME/END to jump to the first or last note
			CTRL-LEFT/RIGHT to jump across columns
	3. Controls for both modes
		- + to navigate the current SFX
		< > to change the speed.
		SPACE to play/stop
		SHIFT-SPACE to play from the current SFX quarter (group of 8 notes)
		A to release a looping sample
		Left click or right click to increase / decrease the SPD or LOOP values
			// Hold shift when clicking to increase / decrease by 4
			// Alternatively, click and drag left/right or up/down
		Shift-click an instrument, effect, or volume to apply to all notes.
	:: Effects

		0 none
		1 slide          //  Slide to the next note and volume
		2 vibrato        //  Rapidly vary the pitch within one quarter-tone
		3 drop           //  Rapidly drop the frequency to very low values
		4 fade in        //  Ramp the volume up from 0
		5 fade out       //  Ramp the volume down to 0
		6 arpeggio fast  //  Iterate over groups of 4 notes at speed of 4
		7 arpeggio slow  //  Iterate over groups of 4 notes at speed of 8
		If the SFX speed is <= 8, arpeggio speeds are halved to 2, 4

	:: Filters

		Each SFX has 5 filter switches that can be accessed while in tracker mode:

		NOIZ:      Generate pure white noise (applies only to instrument 6)
		BUZZ:      Various alterations to the waveform to make it sound more buzzy
		DETUNE-1:  Detunes a second voice to create a flange-like effect
		DETUNE-2:  Various second voice tunings, mostly up or down an octave
		REVERB:    Apply an echo with a delay of 2 or 4 ticks
		DAMPEN:    Low pass filter at 2 different levels

		When BUZZ is used with instrument 6, and NOIZ is off, pure brown noise is generated.

:: Music Editor

	Music in PICO-8 is controlled by a sequence of 'patterns'. Each pattern is a list of
	4 numbers indicating which SFX will be played on that channel.
	:: Flow control
		Playback flow can be controlled using the 3 buttons at the top right.
		When a pattern has finished playing, the next pattern is played unless:
		- there is no data left to play (music stops)
		- a STOP command is set on that pattern (the third button)
		- a LOOP BACK command is set (the 2nd button), in which case the music player searches
			back for a pattern with the LOOP START command set (the first button) or returns to
			pattern 0 if none is found.
		When a pattern has SFXes with different speeds, the pattern finishes playing when
		the left-most non-looping channel has finished playing. This can be used to set up
		double-time drum beats or unusual polyrhythms.

		For time signatures like 3/4 where less than 32 rows should be played before jumping
		to the next pattern, the length of a SFX can be set by adjusting only the first loop
		position and leaving the second one as zero. This will show up in the sfx editor as
		"LEN" (for "Length") instead of "LOOP".
	:: Copying music between or within cartridges
		To select a range of patterns: click once on the first pattern in the pattern 
		navigator, then shift-click on the last pattern. Selected patterns can be copied 
		and pasted with CTRL-C and CTRL-V. When pasting into another cartridge, the SFX 
		that each pattern points to will also be pasted (possibly with a different index) 
		if it does not already exist.

	:: SFX Instruments

		In addition to the 8 built-in instruments, custom instruments can be defined using 
		the first 8 SFX. Use the toggle button to the right of the instruments to select an 
		index, which will show up in the instrument channel as green instead of pink.

		When an SFX instrument note is played, it essentially triggers that SFX, but alters 
		the note's attributes:

			Pitch is added relative to C2
			Volume is multiplied
			Effects are applied on top of the SFX instrument's effects
			Any filters that are on in the SFX instrument are enabled for that note

		For example, a simple tremolo effect could be implemented by defining an instrument 
		in SFX 0 that rapidly alternates between volume 5 and 2. When using this instrument
		to play a note, the volume can further be altered as usual (via the volume channel
		or using the fade in/out effects). In this way, SFX instruments can be used to control 
		combinations of detailed changes in volume, pitch and texture.

		SFX instruments are only retriggered when the pitch changes, or the previous note
		has zero volume. This is useful for instruments that change more slowly over time.
		For example: a bell that gradually fades out. To invert this behaviour, effect 3
		(normally 'drop') can be used when triggering the note. All other effect values	have 
		their usual meaning when triggering SFX instruments.	

	Lua Syntax Primer

	PICO-8 programs are written using Lua syntax, but do not use the standard Lua library.
	The following is a brief summary of essential Lua syntax.

	For more details, or to find out about proper Lua, see www.lua.org.

	:: Comments

		-- use two hyphens like this to ignore everything until the end of the line
		--[[ multi-line
		comments ]]
	:: Types and assignment

		Types in Lua are numbers, strings, booleans and tables:

		NUM = 12/100
		T = {1,2,3}
		Numbers in PICO-8 are all 16:16 fixed point. They range from -32768.0 to 32767.99999
		Hexadecimal notation with optional fractional parts can be used:
			0x11        -- 17
			0x11.4000   -- 17.25
		Numbers written in decimal are rounded to the closest fixed point value. To see the
		32-bit hexadecimal representation, use PRINT(TOSTR(VAL,TRUE)):
			?TOSTR(-32768,TRUE)      -- 0x8000.0000 
			?TOSTR(32767.99999,TRUE) -- 0x7fff.ffff
		Dividing by zero evaluates to 0x7fff.ffff if positive, or -0x7fff.ffff if negative. 

	:: Conditionals

		-- with ELSEIF
		IF X == 0 THEN
			PRINT("X IS 0")

	:: Loops

		FOR X=1,5 DO
		-- prints 1,2,3,4,5

		X = 1
		WHILE(X <= 5) DO
			X = X + 1
		FOR X=1,10,3 DO PRINT(X) END   -- 1,4,7,10

		FOR X=5,1,-2 DO PRINT(X) END  -- 5,3,1

	:: Functions and Local Variables

			LOCAL Y = X+1
		PRINT(PLUSONE(2)) -- 3
		PRINT(Y)          -- 0

	:: Tables
		In Lua, tables are a collection of key-value pairs where the key and value types can both 
		be mixed. They can be used as arrays by indexing them with integers.

		A={} -- create an empty table
		A[1] = "BLAH"
		A[2] = 42
		A["FOO"] = {1,2,3}

		-- Arrays use 1-based indexing by default
		A = {11,12,13,14}
		PRINT(A[2]) -- 12
		-- The size of a table indexed with sequential 1-based integers:
		PRINT(#A)   -- 4
		-- Indexes that are strings can be written using dot notation
		PLAYER = {}
		PLAYER.X = 2 -- is equivalent to PLAYER["X"]
		PLAYER.Y = 3

		-- see also the tables section in the api reference below.

	:: PICO-8 Shorthand

		PICO-8 also allows several non-standard, shorter ways to write common patterns.
		1. IF THEN END statements, and WHILE THEN END can be written on a single line with:

		IF (NOT B) I=1 J=2

		-- is equivalent to: IF NOT B THEN I=1 J=2 END
		-- note that brackets around the short-hand condition are required.
		2. Assignment operators

		Shorthand assignment operators can also be used if the whole statement is on one line.
		They can be constructed by appending a '=' to any binary operator, including arithemtic
		(+=, -= ..), bitwise (&=, |= ..) or the string concatenation operator (..=)
		A += 2   -- equivalent to: A = A + 2

		// note that the LHS appears twice, so for TBL[FN()]+=1, FN() will be called twice.
		3. != operator
		Not shorthand, but pico-8 also accepts != instead of ~= for "not equal to"


	PICO-8 is built on the Lua programming language, but does not include the Lua standard library.
	Instead, a small api is offered in keeping with PICO-8's minimal design and limited screen
	space. For an example program that uses most of the api functions, see /DEMOS/API.P8 
	Functions are written here as:
	function_name parameter [optional_parameter]

	System functions called from commandline can omit the usual brackets and string quotes:
	load blah.p8 --> load("blah.p8")


	load filename [breadcrumb [param_str]]
	save filename
		Load or save a cartridge
		When loading from a running cartridge, the loaded cartridge is immediately run with
		parameter string param_str, and a menu item is inserted and named breadcrumb, that
		returns the user to the loading cartridge.
		Filenames that start with '#' are taken to be a BBS cart followed by its id:
		load("#1234") -- download [and run] cart number 1234
		If the id is the cart's parent post, or a revision number is not specified, then the latest
		version is fetched. BBS carts can be loaded from other BBS carts or local carts, but not from 
		exported carts. 

		Open the carts folder in the host operating system.

	ls (also aliased as dir)

		List files in the current directory. When called from a running program, returns a list 
		of all .p8 and .p8.png files in the same directory.

		Run from the start of the program
		Can be called from inside a program to reset program.

	stop [message]
		Stop the cart and optionally print a message.

		Resume the program. Use R for short.

		Use a single "." from the commandline to advance a single frame. This enters
		frame-by-frame mode, that can be read with stat(110). While frame-by-frame mode
		is active, entering an empty command (by pressing enter) advances one frames.

		Reboot the machine
		Useful for starting a new project


		Reset the values in RAM from 0x5f00..0x5f7f to their default values. 
		This includes the palette, camera position, clipping and fill pattern.
		If you get lost at the command prompt because the draw state makes viewing text 
		impossible, try typing RESET! It can also be called from a running program.

		Print out some information about the cartridge:
		Code size, tokens, compressed size
		Also displayed:
			UNSAVED CHANGES   When the cartridge in memory differs to the one on disk
			EXTERNAL CHANGES  When the cartridge on disk has changed since it was loaded
				(e.g. by editing the program using a separate text editor)

		Flip the back buffer to screen and wait for next frame (30fps)
		Don't normally need to do this -- _draw() calls it for you.
		If your program does not call flip before a frame is up, and a _draw() callback
		is not in progress, the current contents of the back buffer are copied to screen.

	printh str [filename] [overwrite] [save_to_desktop]
		Print a string to the host operating system's console for debugging.
		If filename is set, append the string to a file on the host operating system
			// (in the current directory by default -- use FOLDER to view)

		Setting overwrite to true causes that file to be overwritten rather than appended.

		Setting save_to_desktop to true saves to the desktop instead of the current path.
		Use a filename of "@clip" to write to the host's clipboard.
			// use stat(4) to read the clipboard, but the contents of the clipboard are only
			// available after pressing CTRL-V during runtime (for security).

	time / t

		Returns the number of seconds elasped since the cartridge was run.

		This is not the real-world time, but is calculated by counting the number of times
		_update or _update60 is called. Multiple calls of time() from the same frame return
		the same result.

	stat x

		Get system status where x is:

		0  Memory usage (0..2048)
		1  CPU used since last flip (1.0 == 100% CPU at 30fps)
		4  Clipboard contents (after user has pressed CTRL-V)
		6  Parameter string
		7  Current framerate
		16..19  Index of currently playing SFX on channels 0..3
		20..23  Note number (0..31) on channel 0..3
		24      Currently playing pattern index
		25      Total patterns played
		26      Ticks played on current pattern

		80..85  UTC time: year, month, day, hour, minute, second
		90..95  Local time

		100     Current breadcrumb label, or nil
		110		Returns true when in frame-by-frame mode

	extcmd cmd
		Special system command, where cmd is a string:
			"pause"         request the pause menu be opened
			"reset"         request a cart reset
			"go_back"       follow the current breadcrumb (if there is one)
			"label"         set cart label
			"screen"        save a screenshot
			"rec"           set video start point
			"rec_frames"    set video start point in frames mode (see below)
			"video"         save a .gif to desktop
			"audio_rec"     start recording audio
			"audio_end"     save recorded audio to desktop
			"shutdown"      quit cartridge (from exported binary)
			"folder"        open current working folder on the host operating system
			"set_filename"  set the filename for screenshots / gifs
			"set_title"     set the host window title

		:: Recording GIFs

			extcmd("rec"), extcmd("video") is the same as using ctrl-8, ctrl-9 and saves a gif
			to the desktop using the current GIF_SCALE setting (use CONFIG GIF_SCALE to change).

			Two additional parameters can be used to override these defaults:

			EXTCMD("VIDEO", 4)    -- SCALE *4 (512 X 512)

			The user data folder can be opened with EXTCMD("FOLDER") and defaults to the same
			path as the cartridge, or {pico-8 appdata}/appdata/appname for exported binaries.

			Due to the nature of the gif format, all gifs are recorded at 33.3fps, and frames
			produced by PICO-8 are skipped or duplicated in the gif to match roughly what the
			user is seeing. To record exactly one frame each time flip() is called, regardless
			of the runtime framerate or how long it took to generate the frame, use:


			The default filename for gifs (and screenshots) is foo_%d, where foo is the name
			of the cartridge, and %d is a number starting at 0 and automatically incremented
			until a file of that name does not exist. Use extcmd("set_filename","foo") to
			override that default. If the custom filename includes "%d", then the auto-
			incrementing number behaviour is used, but otherwise files are written even if 
			there is an existing file with the same name.

	Program Structure

	There are 3 special functions that, if defined by the user, are called during program 
			Called once per update at 30fps
			Called once per visible frame
			Called once on program startup

	_draw() is normally called at 30fps, but if it can not complete in time, PICO-8 will
	attempt to run at 15fps and call _update() twice per visible frame to compensate.
	:: Running PICO-8 at 60fps

		If _update60() is defined instead of _update(), PICO-8 will run in 60fps mode:
		- both _update60() and _draw() are called at 60fps
		- half the PICO-8 CPU is available per frame before dropping down to 30fps
		Note that not all host machines are capable of running at 60fps. Older machines,
		and / or web versions might also request PICO-8 to run at 30 fps (or 15 fps), even
		when the PICO-8 CPU is not over capacity. In this case, multiple _update60 calls
		are made for every _draw call in the same way.


	Source code can be injected into a program at cartridge boot (but not during runtime),
	using "#INCLUDE FILENAME", where FILENAME is either a plaintext file (containing Lua
	code), a tab from another cartridge, or all tabs from another cartridge:


	When the cartridge is run, the contents of each included file is treated as if it had
	been pasted into the editor in place of that line.

		- Filenames are relative to the current cartridge (so, need to save first)
		- Includes are not performed recursively. 
		- Normal character count and token limits apply.

	When a cartridge is saved as .P8.PNG, or exported to a binary, any included files are 
	flattened and saved with the cartridge so that there are no external dependencies.
	#INCLUDE can be used for things like:

		- Sharing code between cartridge (libraries or common multi-cart code)
		- Using an external code editor without needing to edit the .p8 file directly.
		- Treating a cartridge as a data file that loads a PICO-8 editing tool to modify it.
		- Loading and storing data generated by an external (non-PICO-8) tool.

	PICO-8 has a fixed capacity of 128 8x8 sprites, plus another 128 that overlap with the
	bottom half of the map data ("shared data"). These 256 sprites are collectively called
	the sprite sheet, and can be thought of as a 128x128 pixel image.

	All of PICO-8's drawing operations are subject to the current draw state. The draw state
	includes a camera position (for adding an offset to all coordinates), palette mapping 
	(for recolouring sprites), clipping rectangle, a drawing colour, and a fill pattern.
	The draw state is reset each time a program is run, or by calling reset().

	Colours indexes:
		 0  black   1  dark_blue   2  dark_purple   3  dark_green  
		 4  brown   5  dark_gray   6  light_gray    7  white
		 8  red     9  orange     10  yellow       11  green       
		12  blue   13  indigo     14  pink         15  peach

	clip [x y w h] [clip_previous]

		Sets the screen's clipping region in pixels
		clip() to reset
		When clip_previous is true, clip the new clipping region by the old one.

	pget x y
	pset x y [c]

		Get or set the colour (c) of a pixel at x, y.
	sget x y
	sset x y [c]

		Get or set the colour (c) of a spritesheet pixel.
	fget n [f]
	fset n [f] v

		Get or set the value (v) of a sprite's flag
		f is the flag index 0..7
		v is boolean and can be true or false
		The initial state of flags 0..7 are settable in the sprite editor,
		using the line of little colourful buttons.
		The meaning of sprite flags is up to the user, or can be used to
		indicate which group ('layer') of sprites should be drawn by map.

		If the flag index is omitted, all flags are retrieved/set as a bitfield
		fset(2, 1+2+8)   -- sets bits 0,1 and 3
		fset(2, 4, true) -- sets bit 4
		print(fget(2))   -- 27 (1+2+8+16)

	print str x y [col]
	print str [col]

		Print a string and optionally set the colour to col.

		Shortcut: written on a single line, ? can be used to call print without brackets: 

		If x and y are not supplied, newline will automatically be appended. This can be
		ommited by ending the string in an explicit termination command:

			?"the quick brown fox\0"

		print returns the right-most x position that occured while printing. This can be
		used to find out the width of some text by printing it off-screen:

			W = PRINT("HOGE",0,-20) -- is set to 16

		See Appendix A (P8SCII) for information about control codes and custom fonts.

	cursor x y [col]

		Set the cursor position and carriage return margin
		If col is specified, also set the current colour.

	color [col]

		Set the current colour to be used by drawing functions
		If col is not specified, the current colour is set to 6
	cls [col]

		Clear the screen and reset the clipping rectangle.
		col defaults to 0 (black)

	camera [x y]

		Set a screen offset of -x, -y for all drawing operations
		camera() to reset
	circ     x y r [col]
	circfill x y r [col]

		Draw a circle or filled circle at x,y with radius r
		If r is negative, the circle is not drawn

	oval     x0 y0 x1 y1 [col]
	ovalfill x0 y0 x1 y1 [col]

		Draw an oval that is symmetrical in x and y (an ellipse), with the given bounding rectangle.

	line x0 y0 [x1 y1] [col]

		draw line
		if x1,y1 are not given the end of the last drawn line is used

	rect     x0 y0 x1 y1 [col]
	rectfill x0 y0 x1 y1 [col]

		Draw a rectangle or filled rectangle

	pal c0 c1 [p]

		pal() swaps colour c0 for c1 for one of two palette re-mappings (p defaults to 0):

		0: Draw Palette
			The draw palette re-maps colours when they are drawn. For example, an orange flower
			sprite can be drawn as a red flower by setting the 9th palette value to 8:

			PAL(9,8)     -- draw subsequent orange (colour 9) pixels as red (colour 8)
			SPR(1,70,60) -- any orange pixels in the sprite will be drawn with red instead

			Changing the draw palette does not affect anything that was already drawn to the screen.

		1: Display Palette

			The display palette re-maps the whole screen when it is displayed at the end of
			a frame. For example, if you boot PICO-8 and then type PAL(6,14,1), you can see all
			of the gray (colour 6) text immediate change to pink (colour 14) even though it
			has already been drawn. This is useful for screen-wide effects such as fading in/out.

		2: Secondary Palette

			Used by fillp() for drawing sprites. This provides a mapping from a single 4-bit colour
			index to two 4-bit colour indexes. See fillp() for more information.

		PAL() resets to system defaults (including transparency values and fill pattern)

	pal tbl [p]

		When the first parameter of pal is a table, colours are assigned for each entry.
		For example, to re-map colour 12 and 14 to red:

			PAL({[12]=9, [14]=8})
		Or to re-colour the whole screen shades of gray (including everything that is already drawn):

			PAL({1,1,5,5,5,6,7,13,6,7,7,6,13,6,7}, 1)

	palt c [t]

		Set transparency for colour index to t (boolean)
		Transparency is observed by spr(), sspr(), map() and tline()
			PALT(8, TRUE) -- red pixels not drawn in subsequent sprite/tline draw calls

		palt() resets to default: all colours opaque except colour 0

		When c is the only parameter, it is treated as a bitfield used to set all 16 values.
		For example: to set colours 0 and 1 as transparent:


	spr n x y [w h] [flip_x] [flip_y]

		draw sprite n (0..255) at position x,y
		width and height are 1,1 by default and specify how many sprites wide to blit.
		Colour 0 drawn as transparent by default (see palt())
		flip_x=true to flip horizontally
		flip_y=true to flip vertically

	sspr sx sy sw sh dx dy [dw dh] [flip_x] [flip_y]

		Stretch rectangle from sprite sheet (sx, sy, sw, sh) // given in pixels
		and draw in rectangle (dx, dy, dw, dh)
		Colour 0 drawn as transparent by default (see palt())
		dw, dh defaults to sw, sh
		flip_x=true to flip horizontally
		flip_y=true to flip vertically

	fillp p
		The PICO-8 fill pattern is a 4x4 2-colour tiled pattern observed by:
			circ() circfill() rect() rectfill() oval() ovalfill() pset() line()
		p is a bitfield in reading order starting from the highest bit. To calculate the value
		of p for a desired pattern, add the bit values together:
			|32768|16384| 8192| 4096|
			| 2048| 1024| 512 | 256 |
			| 128 |  64 |  32 |  16 |
			|  8  |  4  |  2  |  1  |
		For example, FILLP(4+8+64+128+  256+512+4096+8192) would create a checkerboard pattern.
		This can be more neatly expressed in binary: FILLP(0b0011001111001100)
		The default fill pattern is 0, which means a single solid colour is drawn.

		To specify a second colour for the pattern, use the high bits of any colour parameter:
			CIRCFILL(64,64,20, 0x4E) -- brown and pink

		Additional settings are given in bits 0b0.111:

			0b0.100 Transparency

				When this bit is set, the second colour is not drawn
				FILLP(0b0011001111001100.1) -- checkboard with transparent squares

			0b0.010 Apply to Sprites
				When set, the fill pattern is applied to sprites (spr, sspr, map, tline), using a
				colour mapping provided by the secondary palette.

				Each pixel value in the sprite (after applying the draw palette as usual) is taken
				to be an index into the secondary palette. Each entry in the secondary palette
				contains the two colours used to render the fill pattern. For example, to draw
				a white and red (7 and 8) checkerboard pattern for only blue pixels (colour 12) in
				a sprite:

				FOR I=0,15 DO PAL(I, I+I*16, 2) END  --  all other colours map to themselves
				PAL(12, 0x87, 2)                     --  remap colour 12 in the secondary palette

				FILLP(0b0011001111001100.01)         --  checkerboard palette, applied to sprites
				SPR(1, 64,64)                        --  draw the sprite

			0b0.001 Apply Secondary Palette Globally

				When set, the secondary palette mapping is also applied by all draw functions that
				respect fill patterns (circfill, line etc). This can be usedful when used in 
				conjunction with sprite drawing functions, so that the colour index of each sprite 
				pixel means the same thing as the colour index supplied to the drawing functions.

				PAL(12, 0x87, 2)
				CIRCFILL(64,64,20,12)                -- red and white checkerboard circle

				The secondary palette mapping is applied after the regular draw palette mapping.
				So the following would also draw a red and white checkered circle:


		The fill pattern can also be set by setting bits in any colour parameter:

			POKE(0x5F34, 1) -- sets integrated fillpattern + colour mode
			CIRCFILL(64,64,20, 0x114E.ABCD) -- sets fill pattern to ABCD

			-- bit  0x1000.0000 means the non-colour bits should be observed
			-- bit  0x0700.0000 0x1 transparency, 0x2 apply to sprites, 0x4 apply secondary palette 
			-- bits 0x00FF.0000 are the usual colour bits
			-- bits 0x0000.FFFF are interpreted as the fill pattern

		The fill pattern can be applied to sprites (spr, sspr, map, tline) using bit 0b0.01


	add t v [index]

		Add value v to the end of table t.
		Equivalent to t[#t+1] = v
		If index is given then the element is inserted at that position.

			FOO={}        -- create empty table
			ADD(FOO, 11)
			ADD(FOO, 22)
			PRINT(FOO[2]) -- 22

	del  t v
		Delete the first instance of value v in table t
		The remaining entries are shifted left one index to avoid holes.
		Note that v is the value of the item to be deleted, not the index into the table.
		(To remove an item at a particular index, use deli instead)
		del returns the deleted item, or returns no value when nothing was deleted.

			FOREACH(A, PRINT) -- 10,11,12
			PRINT(A[3])       -- 12

	deli t [i]

		Like del(), but remove the item from table t at index i.
		When i is not given, the last element of the table is removed and returned.

	count t [v]

		Returns the length of table t (same as #t)
		When v is given, returns the number of instances of v in that table.

	all t

		Used in FOR loops to iterate over all items in a table (that have a 1-based integer index), 
		in the order they were added.
			T = {11,12,13};
			FOR V IN ALL(T) DO PRINT(V) END -- 11 12 13 14 HI
			PRINT(#T) -- 5

	foreach t f

		For each item in table t, call function f with the item as a single parameter.

	pairs t

		Used in FOR loops to iterate over table t, providing both the key and value for each item.
		Unlike all(), pairs() iterates over every item regardless of indexing scheme.
		Order is not guaranteed.
			T = {["HELLO"]=3, [10]="BLAH"}
			T.BLUE = 5;
				PRINT("K: "..K.."  V:"..V)

			K: 10  v:BLAH
			K: HELLO  v:3
			K: BLUE  v:5


	btn [i] [p]

		get button i state for player p (default 0) 
		i: 0..5: left right up down button_o button_x
		p: player index 0..7

		Instead of using a number for i, it is also possible to use a button glyph.
		(In the coded editor, use Shift-L R U D O X)
		If no parameters supplied, returns a bitfield of all 12 button states for player 0 & 1
			// P0: bits 0..5  P1: bits 8..13
		Default keyboard mappings to player buttons:

			player 0: [DPAD]: cursors, [O]: Z C N   [X]: X V M
			player 1: [DPAD]: SFED,    [O]: LSHIFT  [X]: TAB W  Q A

		** Note for cart authors: when
			Using a physical gamepad, certain combinations of buttons can be awkward
			(UP to jump/accelerate instead of [X] or [O]) or even impossible (LEFT + RIGHT)

	btnp [i [p]]

		btnp is short for "Button Pressed"; Instead of being true when a button is held down, 
		btnp returns true when a button is down AND it was not down the last frame. It also
		repeats after 15 frames, returning true every 4 frames after that (at 30fps -- double
		that at 60fps). This can be used for things like menu navigation or grid-wise player 

		The state of btnp is reset at the start of each call to _update or _update60, so it
		is preferable to use btnp from inside one of those functions.

		Custom delays (in frames @ 30fps) can be set by poking the following memory addresses:

		POKE(0x5F5C, DELAY) -- set the initial delay before repeating. 255 means never repeat.
		POKE(0x5F5D, DELAY) -- set the repeating delay.

		In both cases, 0 can be used for the default behaviour (delays 15 and 4)


	sfx n [channel [offset [length]]]

		play sfx n on channel (0..3) from note offset (0..31) for length notes
		n -1 to stop sound on that channel
		n -2 to release sound on that channel from looping
		Any music playing on the channel will be halted
		offset in number of notes (0..31)
		channel -1 (default) to automatically choose a channel that is not being used
		channel -2 to stop the sound from playing on any channel
	music [n [fade_len [channel_mask]]]

		play music starting from pattern n (0..63)
		n -1 to stop music
		fade_len in ms (default: 0)
		channel_mask specifies which channels to reserve for music only
			e.g. to play on channels 0..2: 1+2+4 = 7
		Reserved channels can still be used to play sound effects on, but only when that
		channel index is explicitly requested by sfx().


	The PICO-8 map is a 128x32 grid of 8-bit cells, or 128x64 when using the shared memory. When 
	using the map editor, the meaning of each cell is taken to be an index into the spritesheet 
	(0..255). However, it can instead be used as a general block of data.
	mget x y
	mset x y v

		get or set map value (v) at x,y

	map cell_x cell_y sx sy cell_w cell_h [layers]

		Draw section of map (starting from cell_x, cell_y) at screen position sx, sy (pixels)

		MAP(0, 0, 20, 20, 4, 2) -- draws a 4x2 blocks of cells starting from 0,0 in the map, to the screen at 20,20
		If cell_w and cell_h are not specified, defaults to 128,32 (the top half of the map)
		To draw the whole map (including the bottom half shared with the spritesheet), use:

		MAP(0, 0, 0, 0, 128,64)

		Layers is an 8-bit bitfield. When it is specified, only sprites with matching flags are drawn.
		For example, when layers is 0x5, only sprites with flag 0 and 2 are drawn.

		Sprite 0 is taken to mean "empty" and not drawn. To disable this behaviour, use: POKE(0x5F36, 0x8)

	tline x0 y0 x1 y1 mx my [mdx mdy] [layers]

		Draw a textured line from (x0,y0) to (x1,y1), sampling colour values from the map.
		When layers is specified, only sprites with matching flags are drawn (similar to map()) 

		mx, my are map coordinates to sample from, given in tiles.
		Colour values are sampled from the 8x8 sprite present at each map tile. For example:

			2.0, 1.0  means the top left corner of the sprite at position 2,1 on the map
			2.5, 1.5  means pixel (4,4) of the same sprite

		mdx, mdy are deltas added to mx, my after each pixel is drawn. (Defaults to 0.125, 0)

		The map coordinates (mx, my) are masked by values calculated by subtracting 0x0.0001
		from the values at address 0x5F38 and 0x5F39. In simpler terms, this means you can
		loop a section of the map by poking the width and height you want to loop within, as 
		long as they are powers of 2 (2,4,8,16..)

		For example, to loop every 8 tiles horizontally, and every 4 tiles vertically:

			POKE(0x5F38, 8)
			POKE(0x5F39, 4)

		The default values (0,0) gives a masks of 0xff.ffff, which means that the samples will
		loop every 256 tiles.

		An offset to sample from (also in tiles) can also be specified at addresses 0x5f3a, 0x5f3b

		Sprite 0 is taken to mean "empty" and not drawn. To disable this behaviour, use: POKE(0x5F36, 0x8)


	PICO-8 has 3 types of memory:

		1. Base RAM (32k): see layout below. Access with peek() poke() memcpy() memset()
		2. Cart ROM (32k): same layout as base ram until 0x4300
		3. Lua RAM (2MB): compiled program + variables

		Technical note: // you probably don't need to know this
			While using the editor, the data being modified is in cart rom, but api functions such as spr() 
			and sfx() only operate on base ram. PICO-8 automatically copies cart rom to base ram (i.e.
			calls reload()) in 3 cases:

			1. When a cartridge is loaded
			2. When a cartridge is run
			3. When exiting any of the editor modes // can turn off with: poke(0x5f37,1)

	:: Base ram memory layout

		0x0    gfx
		0x1000 gfx2/map2 (shared)
		0x2000 map
		0x3000 gfx flags
		0x3100 song
		0x3200 sfx
		0x4300 user data
		0x5600 custom font (if one is defined)
		0x5e00 persistent cart data (256 bytes)
		0x5f00 draw state
		0x5f40 hardware state
		0x5f80 gpio pins (128 bytes)
		0x6000 screen (8k)

		User data has no particular meaning and can be used for anything via memcpy(), peek() & poke().
		Persistent cart data is mapped to 0x5e00..0x5eff but only stored if cartdata() has been called.
		Colour format (gfx/screen) is 2 pixels per byte: low bits encode the left pixel of each pair.
		Map format is one byte per cel, where each byte normally encodes a sprite index.

	peek addr [n]

		Read a byte from an address in base ram.
		Reading out of range (< 0) returns 0
		If n is specified, peek() returns that number of results (max: 8192)
		For example, to read the first 2 bytes of video memory:

			A, B = PEEK(0x6000, 2)

	poke addr val1, val2 ..

		Write one or more bytes to an address in base ram.
		If more than one parameter is provided, they are written sequentially (max: 8192)
		Writing to an address out of range (0x0..0x7fff) causes a runtime error.

	peek2 addr
	poke2 addr val
	peek4 addr
	poke4 addr val
		16-bit and 32-bit versions. Read and write one number (val) in little-endian format:
			16 bit: 0xffff.0000
			32 bit: 0xffff.ffff

		addr does not need to be aligned to 2 or 4-byte boundaries.

	Alternatively, the following operators can be used to peek (but not poke), and are slightly faster:


	memcpy dest_addr source_addr len

		Copy len bytes of base ram from source to dest
		Sections can be overlapping

	reload dest_addr source_addr len [filename]

		Same as memcpy, but copies from cart rom
		The code section ( >= 0x4300) is protected and can not be read.
		If filename specified, load data from a different cartridge.
			// (must be local -- bbs cartridges can not be read in this way)

	cstore dest_addr source_addr len [filename]

		Same as memcpy, but copies from base ram to cart rom
		cstore() is equivalent to cstore(0, 0, 0x4300)
		Can use for writing tools to construct carts or to visualize the state 
		of the map / spritesheet using the map editor / gfx editor.
		The code section ( >= 0x4300) is protected and can not be written to.
		If a filename is specified, the data is written directly to that
		cartridge on disk. Up to 64 cartridges can be written in one session.
		See the 'Cartridge Data' section for additional notes on using cstore.
	memset dest_addr val len

		Set len bytes to val
		(quite fast -- can use to draw unclipped horizonal scanlines etc)


	max x y
	min x y
	mid x y z

		Returns the maximum, minimum, or middle value of parameters
		For example, mid(7,5,10) returns 7

	flr  x
	ceil x

		Returns the closest integer that is equal to or below / above x 
		?flr ( 4.1) -->  4
		?ceil( 4.1) -->  5
		?flr (-2.3) --> -3
		?ceil(-2.3) --> -2

	cos x
	sin x

		Returns the cosine of x, where 1.0 indicates a full turn
		sin is inverted to suit screenspace
		e.g. sin(0.25) returns -1

		If you'd prefer radian-based trig functions without the y inversion, 
		paste the following snippet near the start of your program:
		cos1 = cos function cos(angle) return cos1(angle/(3.1415*2)) end
		sin1 = sin function sin(angle) return -sin1(angle/(3.1415*2)) end

	atan2 dx dy

		Converts dx, dy into an angle from 0..1
		As with cos/sin, angle is taken to run anticlockwise in screenspace
		e.g. atan(1, -1) returns 0.125

	sqrt x

		Return the square root of x

	abs x

		Returns the absolute (positive) value of x

	rnd x
		Returns a random number n, where 0 <= n < x
		If you want an integer, use flr(rnd(x))
		If x is an array-style table, return a random element between table[1] and table[#table].

	srand x
		Sets the random number seed
		The seed is automatically randomized on cart startup

	Bitwise Operations

		Bitwise operations are similar to logical expressions, except that they work at the bit level.

		Say you have two numbers (written here in binary using the "0b" prefix): 

			X = 0b1010
			Y = 0b0110

		A bitwise AND will give you bits set when the corresponding bits in X /and/ Y are both set

		PRINT(BAND(X,Y)) -- result:0b0010 (2 in decimal)

		There are 9 bitwise functions available in PICO-8:

			band x y -- both bits are set
			bor  x y -- either bit is set
			bxor x y -- either bit is set, but not both of them
			bnot x   -- each bit is not set
			shl  x n -- shift left n bits (zeros come in from the right)
			shr  x n -- arithmetic right shift (the left-most bit state is duplicated)
			lshr x n -- logical right shift (zeros comes in from the left)
			rotl x n -- rotate all bits in x left by n places
			rotr x n -- rotate all bits in x right by n places

		Operator versions are also available: & | ^^ ~ << >> >>> <<> >><

		For example: PRINT(67 & 63) -- result:3  equivalent to BAND(67,63)

		Operators are slightly faster than their corresponding functions. They behave exactly the same,
		except that if any operands are not numbers the result is a runtime error (the function versions
		instead default to a value of 0).

	Integer Division

		Integer division can be performed with a \

		PRINT(9\2) -- result:4  equivalent to flr(9/2)


	Custom Menu Items

	menuitem index [label callback]

		Add an extra item to the pause menu
		Index should be 1..5 and determines the order each menu item is displayed
		label should be a string up to 16 characters long
		callback is a function called when the item is selected by the users
		When no label or function is supplied, the menu item is removed
		menuitem(1, "restart puzzle", function() reset_puzzle() sfx(10) end)
		If the callback returns true, the pause menu remains open.
		The callback takes a single parameter that is a bitfield of L,R,X button presses

		menuitem(1, "foo", function(b) if (b&1 > 0) then printh("left was pressed") end end)

	Strings and Type Conversion

	Strings in Lua are written either in single or double quotes or with matching [[ ]] brackets:

		s = "the quick"
		s = 'brown fox';
		s = [[
			jumps over
			multiple lines
	The length of a string (number of characters) can be retrieved using the # operator:

	Strings can be joined using the .. operator. Joining numbers converts them to strings.
		print("three "..4) --> "three 4"

	tostr val [use_hex]

		Convert val to a string. When val is a number, function or table, use_hex can be used to
		include the raw hexidecimal value (useful for inspecting the exact value of numbers).
		tostr(nil) returns "[nil]"
		tostr() returns ""

		tostr(17)      -- "17"
		tostr(17,true) -- "0x0011.0000"

	tonum val
		Converts val to a number

		tonum("17")  -- 17
		tonum(17)    -- 17
		tonum("abc") -- no return value
	chr num
	ord str [index]

		Convert a character to its character code, or vice versa.
		Use the index paramer to specify which character in a string to use.
		When index is out of range or str is not a string, ord returns nil

		chr(64)        -- returns "@"
		ord("@")       -- returns 64
		ord("123",2)   -- returns 50 (the second character: "2")

	sub str pos0 [pos1]

		Grab a substring from string str, from pos0 up to and including pos1.
		When pos1 is not specified, the remainer of the string is returned.
		s = "the quick brown fox"
		print(sub(s,5,9)) --> "quick"
		print(sub(s,5))   --> "quick brown fox"

	split str [separator] [convert_numbers] 

		Split a string into a table of elements delimited by the given separator (defaults to ",").
		When separator is a number n, the string is split into n-character groups.
		When convert_numbers is true, numerical tokens are stored as numbers (defaults to true).
		Empty elements are stored as empty strings.

		split("1,2,3")               -- returns {1,2,3}
		split("one:two:3",":",false) -- returns {"one","two","3"}
		split("1,,2,")               -- returns {1,"",2,""}

	type val
		returns the type of val as a string (for example, "number")
	Cartridge Data

	Using cartdata(), dset(), and dget(), 64 numbers (256 bytes) of persistent data 
	can be stored on the user's PICO-8 that persists after the cart is unloaded or
	PICO-8 is shutdown. This can be used as a lightweight way to store things like 
	high scores or to save player progress. It can also be used to share data across 
	cartridges / cartridge versions.
	If you need more than 256 bytes, it is also possible to write directly to the
	cartridge using cstore(). The disadvantage is that the data is tied to that
	particular version of the cartridge. e.g. if a game is updated, players will
	lose their savegames. Also, some space in the data sections of the cartridge
	need to be left available.
	Another alternative is to write directly to a second cartridge by specifying
	a fourth parameter to cstore(). This requires a cart swap (which in reality
	only means the user needs to watch a spinny cart animation for 1 second).
		CSTORE(0,0,0x2000, "spritesheet.p8")
		-- later:
		RELOAD(0,0,0x2000, "spritesheet.p8") -- restore the saved data

	cartdata id
		cartdata() opens a permanent data storage slot indexed by id, that can be
		used to store and retrieve up to 256 bytes (64 numbers) worth of data using 
		DSET() and DGET().
			CARTDATA("zep_dark_forest") -- can only be set once per session
			-- later in the program..
			DSET(0, score)
		id is a string up to 64 characters long, and should be unusual enough that 
		other cartridges do not accidentally use the same id.
		e.g. cartdata("zep_jelpi")
		legal characters are a..z, 0..9 and underscore (_)

		returns true if data was loaded, otherwise false

		cartdata can not be called more than once per cartridge execution.
		Once a cartdata id has been set, the area of memory 0x5e00..0x5eff is mapped 
		to permanent storage, and can either be accessed directly or via dget/dset.
	dget index

		Get the number stored at index (0..63)
		Use this only after you have called cartdata()

	dset index value

		Set the number stored at index (0..63)
		Use this only after you have called cartdata()
		There is no need to flush written data -- it is automatically
		saved to permanent storage even if POKE()'ed directly.


	GPIO stands for "General Purpose Input Output", and allows machines to comunicate with 
	each other. PICO-8 maps bytes in the range 0x5f80..0x5fff to gpio pins that can be
	POKE()ed (to output a value -- e.g. to make an LED light up) or PEEK()ed (e.g. to read
	the state of a switch).
	GPIO means different things for different host platforms:
	CHIP:         0x5f80..0x5f87 mapped to xio-p0..xio-p7
	Pocket CHIP:  0x5f82..0x5f87 mapped to GPIO1..GPIO6
		// xio-p0 & p1 are exposed inside the prototyping area inside the case.
	Raspberry Pi: 0x5f80..0x5f9f mapped to wiringPi pins 0..31
		// see http://wiringpi.com/pins/ for mappings on different models.
		// also: watch out for BCM vs. WiringPi GPIO indexing!
	CHIP and Raspberry Pi values are all digital: 0 (LOW) and 255 (HIGH)
	A simple program to blink any LEDs attached on and off:
		t = 0
		function _draw()
		 for i=0,7 do
		  val = 0
		  if (t % 2 < 1) val = 255
		  poke(0x5f80 + i, val)
		 t += 0.1

	:: Serial

		For more precise timing, the SERIAL() command can be used. GPIO writes are buffered and 
		dispatched at the end of each frame, allowing clock cycling at higher and/or more regular 
		speeds than is possible by manually bit-banging using POKE() calls.

		serial(channel, address, length)

				0x000..0x0fe    corresponds to gpio pin numbers; send 0x00 for LOW or 0xFF for HIGH
				0x0ff           delay; length is taken to mean "duration" in microseconds (excl. overhead)
				0x400..0x401    ws281x LED string (experimental)
			address: The PICO-8 memory location to read from / write to.
			length:  Number of bytes to send. 1/8ths are allowed to send partial bit strings.

		For example, to send a byte one bit at a time to a typical APA102 LED string:

			VAL = 42          -- value to send
			DAT = 16 CLK = 15 -- data and clock pins depend on device
			POKE(0x4300,0)    -- data to send (single bytes: 0 or 0xff)
			FOR B=0,7 DO
				-- send the bit (high first)
				SERIAL(DAT, BAND(VAL, SHL(1,7-B))>0 AND 0x4301 OR 0x4300, 1)
				-- cycle the clock
				SERIAL(CLK, 0x4301)
				SERIAL(0xFF, 5) -- delay 5
				SERIAL(CLK, 0x4300)
				SERIAL(0xFF, 5) -- delay 5

		Additional channels are available for bytestreams to and from the host operating system.
		These are intended to be most useful for UNIX-like environments while developing toolchains,
		and are not available while running a BBS or exported cart [1]. Maximum transfer rate in all 
		cases is 64k/sec (blocks cpu).

				0x800           dropped file   //  stat(120) returns TRUE when data is available
				0x802           dropped image  //  stat(121) returns TRUE when data is available
				0x804           stdin
				0x805           stdout
				0x806           file specifed with: pico8 -i filename
				0x807           file specifed with: pico8 -o filename

		Image files dropped into PICO-8 show up on channel 0x802 as a bytestream with a special format:
		The first 4 bytes are the image's width and height (2 bytes each little-endian, like PEEK2),
		followed by the image in reading order, one byte per pixel, colour-fitted to the display palette
		at the time the file was dropped.
		[1]	Channels 0x800 and 0x802 are available from exported binaries, but with a maximum file size
			of 256k, or 128x128 for images.

	:: HTML
		Cartridges exported as HTML / .js use a global array of integers (pico8_gpio) to 
		represent gpio pins. The shell HTML should define the array:
		var pico8_gpio = Array(128);

	Mouse and Keyboard Input

	// EXPERIMENTAL -- but mostly working on all platforms

	Mouse and keyboard input can be achieved by enabling devkit input mode:
	POKE(0x5F2D, flags)  -- where flags are:

		0x1 Enable
		0x2 Mouse buttons trigger btn(4)..btn(6)
		0x4 Pointer lock (use stat 38..39 to read movements)
	Note that not every PICO-8 will have a keyboard or mouse attached to it, so when posting
	carts to the Lexaloffle BBS, it is encouraged to make keyboard and/or mouse control 
	optional and off by default, if possible. When devkit input mode is enabled, a message is
	displayed to BBS users warning them that the program may be expecting input beyond the 
	standard 6-button controllers.
	The state of the mouse and keyboard can be found in stat(x):
		STAT(30) -- (Boolean) True when a keypress is available
		STAT(31) -- (String) character returned by keyboard
		STAT(32) -- Mouse X
		STAT(33) -- Mouse Y
		STAT(34) -- Mouse buttons (bitfield)
		STAT(36) -- Mouse wheel event
		STAT(38) -- Relative x movement (in host desktop pixels) -- requires flag 0x4
		STAT(39) -- Relative y movement (in host desktop pixels) -- requires flag 0x4

	Additional Lua Features

	PICO-8 also exposes 2 features of Lua for advanced users: Metatables and Coroutines.
	For more information, please refer to the Lua 5.2 manual.

	:: Metatables
		Metatables can be used to define the behaviour of objects under particular operations.
		For example, to use tables to represent 2D vectors that can be added together, the 
		'+' operator is redefined by defining an "__add" function for the metatable:
			 	return {x=(a.x+b.x), y=(a.y+b.y)} 
			v1={x=2,y=9} setmetatable(v1, vec2d)
			v2={x=1,y=5} setmetatable(v2, vec2d)
			v3 = v1+v2
			print(v3.x..","..v3.y) -- 3,14

		setmetatable t, m
			set table t metatable to m

		getmetatable t
			return the current metatable for table t, or nil if none is set

		rawset t key value
		rawget t key
		rawequal t1 t2
		rawlen t

			raw access to the table, as if no metamethods were defined

	:: Function Arguments

		The list of function arguments can be specifed with ... 

			function preprint(pre, s, ...)
				local s2 = pre..tostr(s)
				print(s2, ...) -- pass the remaining arguments on to print()

		To accept a variable number of arguments, use them to define a table and/or use Lua's
		select() function. select(index, ...) returns all of the arguments after index.

			function foo(...)
				local args={...} -- becomes a table of arguments
				foreach(args, print)
				?select("#",...)    -- alternative way to count the number of arguments
				foo2(select(3,...)) -- pass arguments from 3 onwards to foo2()

	:: Coroutines
		Coroutines offer a way to run different parts of a program in a somewhat concurrent 
		way, similar to threads. A function can be called as a coroutine, suspended with 
		yield() any number of times, and then resumed again at the same points.
			function hey()
				print("doing something")
				print("doing the next thing")
			c = cocreate(hey)
			for i=1,3 do coresume(c) end
		cocreate f
			Create a coroutine for function f.

		coresume c [p0 p1 ..]
			Run or continue the coroutine c. Parameters p0, p1.. are passed to the
			coroutine's function.
			Returns true if the coroutine completes without any errors
			Returns false, error_message if there is an error.
			** Runtime errors that occur inside coroutines do not cause the program
			to stop running. It is a good idea to wrap coresume() inside an assert().
			If the assert fails, it will print the error message generated by 

		costatus c
			Return the status of coroutine c as a string:
			Suspend execution and return to the caller.

	Appendix A: P8SCII Control Codes

	When printed with PRINT(), some characters have a special meaning that can be used to alter
	things like the cursor position and text rendering style. Control characters in PICO-8 are
	CHR(0)..CHR(15) and can be written as an escaped sequence ("\n" for newline etc.)

	Some of the control codes below take parameters which are written using a scheme that is
	a superset of hexidecimal format. That is, '0'..'f' also mean 0..15. But characters after
	'f' are also accepted: 'g' means 16 and so on. Such parameters are written below as P0, P1.

	For example, to print with a blue background ("\#c") and dark gray foreground ("\f5"):

		print("\#c\f5 blue ")

	The only side-effects on the draw state are changes in cursor position and foreground color;
	all other attributes are reset each time print() is called.

	:: Control Codes

		0 "\0"   terminate printing
		1 "\*"   repeat next character P0 times. ?"\*3a" --> aaa
		2 "\#"   draw solid background with colour P0 
		3 "\-"   shift cursor horizontally by P0-16 pixels
		4 "\|"   shift cursor vertically by P0-16 pixels
		5 "\+"   shift cursor by P0-16, P1-16 pixels
		6 "\^"   special command (see below)
		7 "\a"   audio (see below)
		8 "\b"   backspace
		9 "\t"   tab
		a "\n"   newline
		b "\v"   decorate previous character (see below)
		c "\f"   set foreground colour
		d "\r"   carriage return
		e "\014" switch to font defined at 0x5600
		f "\015" switch to default font

	:: Special Commands

		These commands all start with "\^" and take between none and 2 parameters (P0, P1)
		For example, to clear screen to dark blue: print("\^c1")

			1..9 skip 1,2,4,8,16,32..256 frames		
			c cls to colour P0, set cursor to 0,0
			g set cursor position to home
			h set home to cursor position
			j jump to absolute P0*4, P1*4 (in screen pixels)
			s set tab stop width to P0 pixels (used by "\t")
			x set character width  (default: 4)
			y set character height (default: 6)

		:: rendering mode options  

			// prefix these with "-" to disable: e.g. ?"\^i on \^-i off "

			w wide mode: scales by 2x1 
			t tall mode: scales by 1x2
			. dotty mode: when wide or tall, draw only even pixels
			p pinball mode: equivalent to setting wide, tall and dotty
			i invert
			b border: toggle 1px padding on left and top // on by default
			# solid background  // off by default, but enabled automatically by \#

	:: Audio 

		?"\a"   -- single beep
		?"\a12" -- play existing data at sfx 12 (the index is written in decimal)

		If an sfx index is not specified, a non-active sfx between 60..63 is selected automatically.
		To fill the SFX with data before playback, the following commands can then be appended.
		1. (optional) SFX attributes must appear once at the start as they apply to the whole sound:

			s P0     set the sfx speed
			l P0 P1  set the sfx loop start and end points

		2. Note data:

			Note are written as a..g, optionally followed by a sharp # or flat -, and octave number.

				print "\ace-g" -- minor triad

			Note attributes apply to allow following notes. Adjust with:

			i P0    set the instrument (default: 5)
			v P0    set the volume     (default: 5)
			x P0    set the effect     (default: 0)
			<  >   increase or decrease volume by 1 

			For example, to play a fast (speed 4), staccato (effect 5) arpeggio starting at C1:

				print "\as4x5c1egc2egc3egc4"

	:: Decoration Characters

		The control character \v can be used to decorate the last printed character with another
		character at a given offset, without needing to otherwise manage the cursor position.
		After the decorating character is printed, the previous cursor position is restored.

		The format is \v P0 char, where P0 is a number giving the desired offset, and char
		is any character to print at that offset (relative to the previous printed character).

		The offset has x packed into the lowest 2 bits, and starts (-2,-8) in reading order.
		So 3 means (+1, -8), 4 means (-2, -7) and so on.

		For example, to write "café!", using a comma to draw the accute accent:


		In this case P0 is 'b', which is read as the number 11. So the comma is drawn at:
			x = (11%4)-2 = 1
			y = (11\4)-8 = -6

	:: Custom Font

		A custom font can be defined at 0x5600, consisting of 8 bytes per character * 256 characters
		= 2048 bytes. Each character is an 8x8 bitfield (1 bit/pixel), where starting from the top,
		each row is a single byte starting with 0x1 on the left.

		The first five bytes (character 0 is never drawn) describes attributes of the font:

			0x5f60 character width in pixels (can be more than 8, but only 8 pixels are drawn)
			0x5f61 character width for character 128 and above
			0x5f62 character height in pixels
			0x5f63 draw offset x
			0x5f64 draw offset y

	:: Default Attributes

		Although attributes are reset every time print() is called, it is possible to set their default
		values by writing to memory addresses 0x5f58..0x5f5b.

		0x5f58 // bitfield
			0x1  when set to 0x1, bits 1..7 are observed:
			0x2  padding
			0x4  wide
			0x8  tall
			0x10 solid background
			0x20 invert
			0x40 dotty
			0x80 use custom font

			// e.g. poke(0x5f58, 0x1 | 0x2 | 0x4 | 0x8 | 0x20 | 0x40)  -- pinball everywhere

		0x5f59 char_w   (low nibble), char_h   (high)
		0x5f5a char_w2  (low nibble), tab_w    (high)
		0x5f5b offset_x (low nibble), offset_y (high)

		// any nibbles equal to 0 are ignored
		// tab_w values are mapeed to 4..64



		Fixed: ?"\ac0" starts from d#0 instead of c0 (again -- 0.2.2b was still broken)
		Fixed: splore local directory navigation fails when using a relative home path set with -home 
		Fixed: export .lua.png only shows the first 2730 lines


		Added: export foo.lua.png to get an image of the cartridge's source code
		Added: Pause menu can be forced to appear by holding down pause for 300ms (even if program blocks it)
		Added: extcmd("set_filename","foo") -- set the filename of the next screenshot or gif (can include %d)
		Added: extcmd("set_title","foo") -- set window title (useful for exported binaries)
		Added: Can toggle punyfont mode at command prompt w/ ctrl+p (useful for inspecting puny variable names!)
		Changed: Default filename is /untitled.p8 instead of no filename (auto-increments to untitled_1.p8 etc.)
		Changed: circ/oval that are not visible cost almost nothing, including circles that contain clipping region
		Changed: filled circles/ovals that contain clipping region cost the same as the equivalent rectfill
		Changed: shift+enter in code editor only auto-completes block for DO, THEN, REPEAT or FUNCTION 
		Fixed: ?"\ac0" starts from d#0 instead of c0
		Fixed: preprocessor regression when using string at end of ..= statement: if (true) then a..="b" end
		Fixed: pressing L / R in paused menu is registered by running program after closing menu
		Fixed: printing text in tall mode (?"\^ttall") via commandline can chop off bottom line before scrolling
		Fixed: drag-select text with cursor at bottom or top of screen scrolls too fast
		Fixed: spurious stat(0) results when using yield() to exit frame instead of flip()
		Fixed: line()/tline() sometimes draws pixels on opposite side of screen (0.2.2 regression)
		Fixed: line()/tline() fails to draw lines that have x or y coordinates > 32767 pixels apart 
		Fixed: can peek() more than 8192 values in single call
		Fixed: large fill circles (> radius 900) render incorrectly close to vertical center (32-bit builds, web)
		Fixed: even-widthed filled ovals with midpoint < 0 is drawn off by 1
		Fixed: black pixels in gif / map export not completely black
		Fixed: map and spritesheet exporters do not respect current display palette and 0x5F36:0x8 (draw spr 0)
		Fixed: code editor: cursor position off by one when selecting character after glyph (0.2.2 regression)
		Fixed: code editor: tab names don't show up when 100% punyfont
		Fixed: import spritesheet.png failing under MacOS (0.2.2 regression)
		Fixed: export single sfx to .wav crashes when contains sfx instrument references


		Added: SFX filters: noiz (white noise for inst 6), buzz, detune (flange/overtone), reverb, dampen (lpf)
		Added: SFX length (leave the second loop value at 0 to use). Can be >= 32.
		Added: P8SCII control characters when using print() -- can adjust colour and cursor position etc.
		Added: User-defined font at 0x5600, accessible via control character \014
		Added: poke(addr, val0, val1, val2 .. valn) -- same for poke2, poke4
		Added: can peek multiple values:  a,b,c = peek(addr, 3)  -- same for peek2, peek4
		Added: Locked mouse pointer // poke(0x5f2d, 0x5) and then stat(38),stat(39) to read
		Added: right click in sfx pitch mode to grab the instrument of that note
		Added: IMPORT command can specify target location in pixels: IMPORT FOO.PNG -X 16 -Y 32 
		Added: IMPORT -S to shrink the imported image (e.g. -S 3 means shrink from 384x384 -> 128x128) 
		Added: ctrl-c at empty command prompt to copy the most recent error message
		Added: extcmd("screen",0,1) / extcmd("video",0,1) saves files in same path as cart / exported executable or app.
		Added: set bit POKE(0x5F36, 0x8) to treat sprite 0 as opaque when drawn by map(), tline()
		Added: shift-tab in gfx/map editor for full-fullscreen mode (with no red menu bars)
		Added: extcmd("rec_frames") to record each gif frame only when flip() is called regardless of rendering speed
		Added: extcmd("folder") to open the folder on the host operating system (where printf, extcmd saves files to)
		Added: custom menu callbacks can optionally leave the pause menu open, and can read LEFT and RIGHT button presses
		Added: ctrl-h hex mode in map / gfx views (displays current sprite in hex, and shows map tile values)
		Added: export map as a single image with export foo.map.png
		Added: @weeble's gamepad improvements to the default html shell (dpad layout detection, better mapping / hotplugging)
		Added: stack trace on bad memory access e.g. poke(-1,0)
		Added: fillp can now be applied to sprite drawing (spr / sspr / map / tline), using colours from the secondary palette
		Improved: General optimisation pass; heavy carts use 20~30% less host cpu
		Changed: Most api functions are local by default for performance. use "pico8 -global_api 1" if needed for debugging.
		Changed: unpack() now has a non-zero cost but still fairly fast
		Changed: .. operator has a small cost based on number of characters concatenated
		Changed: LOADK vm instruction costs 1 cycles (was 2) // otherwise "c=0" costs more than "c=a+b"!
		Changed: removed function cpu refunds; speed-critical calls to bitwise function should use operator counterparts instead.
		Changed: Incremental garbage collection each frame for improved performance.
		Changed: stat(0) performs garbage collection in order to obtain a meaningful result; use stat(99) for raw value
		Changed: options menu always available from pause menu (used to only be available in web exports)
		Changed: tostr() returns "" instead of nil
		Changed: exporting gif/png from web version now creates a pop-up div that can be dismissed
		Changed: print() from commandline automatically wraps long strings
		Changed: print() returns the x position of the next character to be printed (can be used to calculate text width)
		Changed: glyph constants set only when running cartridge, not when running a command from prompt
		Changed: Using printh from exported carts outputs files in the same folder as the .exe / .app
		Changed: type() returns nothing instead of causing a runtime error
		Changed: fill pattern is cleared when program is suspended by default. Use poke(0x5f2e,0x20) to preserve.
		Changed: reset() resets everything from 0x5f00..0x5f7f, same as when program is initialised (including new random seed)
		Changed: font tweaks for hiragana, katagana, ampersand characters 
		Changed: (raspi) separate binaries that support gpio to remove wiringPi dependency and gpio poking-related crashes
		Fixed: Diagonal lines in editor contain an incorrect step when snapping to -1:1, 1:-1
		Fixed: rnd(tbl) is not random enough when table has 2 elements   /bbs/?pid=81092#p
		Fixed: add(tbl) causes runtime error. should have no effect and return nothing
		Fixed: cursor position in code editor incorrect when changing lines contaning glyphs/tabs
		Fixed: CONFIG TAB_WIDTH does not take effect until restarting PICO-8
		Fixed: Selecting sprites from bottom right -> top left and then pasting only pastes a single sprite
		Fixed: Moving map selection around with cursor keys beyond original selection leaves streaks
		Fixed: stdout/stdin serial() streams should be binary, not text mode (causes \r chars under Windows)
		Fixed: printh("hello.txt",fn,true,true) fails to save to desktop when fn has an extention
		Fixed: IMPORT FOO.PNG using the current sprite location as target instead of 0,0
		Fixed: tonum behaving differently to parser for string numbers out of range.  e.g. tonum("-0x9000") should be 0x7000
		Fixed: Exporting the same zip file multiple times creates duplicate file entries
		Fixed: tline / line clipping // sometimes off by 1px, sometimes incorrectly discarded altogether
		Fixed: poking values with bit 0x80 to 0x5f28,0x5f30,0x5f3c,0x5f3e clobbers following address
		Fixed: deli(tbl,nil) behaves the same as deli(tbl) -- should have no effect
		Fixed: stat(13),stat(15) reporting y coordinates of menu with 0 items
		Fixed: memory leak when saving gifs (causes web export to crash after a few records)
		Fixed: print() linefeeds clobber multi-line text printed at bottom of screen
		Fixed: preprocessor can not handle form: "::_::a+=1" (regression in 0.2.1)
		Fixed: When split() by group size (e.g. split("ab12",2,false)), last parameter ignored
		Fixed: partial cstore (len < 0x4300) from splore/export clobbering data outside that range on subsequent reload
		Fixed: joystick stops responding after unplug and plug back in twice (also happens when some devices sleep / wake up)
		Fixed: mkdir(nil) crashes
		Fixed: possible to edit an SFX without the cursor visible (confusing)
		Fixed: menuitem() callbacks broken when there is no _draw() or _update() defined
		Fixed: should only be able to call from commandline: cd mkdir install_games keyconfig info
		Fixed: controller menu (pause->options->controls) does not show custom key settings
		Fixed: -export failing to find files relative from current path
		Fixed: -export failing to locate html template path
		Fixed: binary export storing multicart cart names with path (should be named "dat1.p8", not "dat/dat1.p8")
		Fixed: pause menu broken when cartridge is launched from splore and run() is called inside first frame 
		Fixed: text printing does not respect draw palette (was broken in 0.2) // ref: /bbs/?tid=41428
		Fixed: for backwards compatibility, non-numbery colour parameters should be taken to mean zero
		Fixed: preprocessor: self assignment with quoted function calls on RHS a+=1+cos"0"
		Fixed: ctrl-r during pause menu only takes effect after closing menu
		Fixed: (bug in RC1) pack(...).n is zero
		Fixed: (bug in RC1) using filters noiz:1, dampen:2, lpf is not applied to melodic instruments (but should be)


		Added: split(str,"") splits by single characters
		Updated: Tower of Archeos 1.1 via INSTALL GAMES
		Fixed: print(num,x,y) always prints numbers num in hexidecimal
		Fixed: .p8.png decoder can enter an infinite loop (caused exports to freeze on boot)
		Fixed: Can't save screenshot/gif when running a BBS cart with illegal characters in title.
		Fixed: INSTALL_GAMES is broken
		Fixed: Mouse is broken in HTML exports


		Added: oval() ovalfill() split()
		Added: circle drawing tool is now an oval tool (hold shift for circle)
		Added: hold shift with line tool to snap to 22.5 degree angles from origin (0:1, 1:1, 2:1 gradients)
		Added: serial() channels for stdin,stdout
		Added: raw binary and image files dropped in to PICO-8 also become byte streams readable w/ serial()
		Added: add(tbl, val, index) -- insert val into table at index
		Added: deli(tbl, index) -- delete element from table by index (index defaults to last element)
		Added: show progress while exporting binaries (can be slow now that generating zip files)
		Added: -e to add an extra file to exported binaries zip files // export -e manual.txt foo.bin
		Added: RESET command to reset the runtime / draw state
		Added: drag and drop cartridges into PICO-8 window to load them
		Added: hash stored in .p8.png so that cartridges corrupted by image quantization can show a specific error
		Added: raw data blocks in compressed code format (useful for storing long binary strings efficiently)
		Added: clip(x,y,w,h,true): 5th parameter indicates that the clipping region should be clipped by the old one
		Added: -export switch can be used to convert .p8 files to .p8.png from commandline. // pico8 foo.p8 -export foo.p8.png
		Added: extcmd("screen",scale) and extcmd("video",scale) to override the default scale (e.g. scale 2 means 256x256)
		Added: printh(str, filename, overwrite, save_to_desktop) -- 4th parameter to save output file to desktop
		Changed: add(), del() no longer implemented with Lua snippet; lower cpu cost.
		Changed: line(),rect() cost the same as rectfill() when drawing equivalent shapes
		Changed: all drawing operations in sprite editor now observe fill pattern state
		Changed: numbers can be immediately followed by identifiers (a=1b=2) // lexaloffle.com/bbs/?tid=38038		
		Changed: Sprite editor shows only active area after shift-selecting sprites
		Changed: copy/paste in the code editor treats uppercase ascii characters as puny font only when puny mode (ctrl+p) enabled
		Changed: C0 Controls characters (except for 0x0,0x9,0xa,0xd) encoded in .p8 / clipboard with unicode replacements
		Changed: stat(4) converts characters to PICO-8 format (P -> puny p,  hiragana unicode -> single character etc.)
		Changed: serial() returns number of bytes processed (1/8ths included for partial bytes)
		Changed: IMPORT SPRITESHEET.PNG now uses the current sprite as the destination coordinate instead of 0,0.
		Changed: Standardized name of the display palette to "display palette" (was sometimes referred to as "screen palette").
		Changed: tostr() returns nil (used to return "[nil]")
		Changed: don't need to set bit 0x40 at address 0x5f2c to use secondary palette.
		Improved: exported binary's data.pod file 90% smaller (~870k -> ~85k)
		Fixed: pack(...).n is shifted right 16 bits
		Fixed: ctrl-r doesn't reload external changes for carts which are over compressed code capacity
		Fixed: false positives when detecting external changes for some older cart versions
		Fixed: .p8.png carts saved with dense code (compressed size > raw size, including very small carts) stores junk
		Fixed: error message duplication when loading future version of .p8.png carts
		Fixed: Illegal colours can enter spritesheet via serach-replace after setting with color()
		Fixed: Preprocessor: "foo():a().x+=1" "a=b[1]c+=1"
		Fixed: hex numbers written with punyfont characters breaks syntax high-lighting
		Fixed: shift+- in sprite editor jumps too far vertically when zoomed in
		Fixed: clicking a note in sfx editor creates a selection (-> backspace clears without moving rows)
		Fixed: print()/printh()/stop() doesn't respect __tostring metatable method (regression)
		Fixed: time() and btnp() speed changes after stopping program, typing a command and then resuming.
		Fixed: phantom drag & drop events sent to unused music channels causing them to occasionally unmute themselves
		Fixed: undo after moving sprites in map mode only undoes the changes to the map and not the spritesheet.
		Fixed: inconsistent token counting for negative or bnot'ed numbers https://www.lexaloffle.com/bbs/?tid=38344
		Fixed: Crash when INSTALL_GAMES / INSTALL_DEMOS without a writeable disk
		Fixed: stat(4) (clipboard contents) does not convert unicode to corresponding glyphs
		Fixed: (MacOS) Using discrete GPU ~ drains battery. Now using integrated GPU when available.
		Fixed: screensaver is blocked while PICO-8 is running (needed to set SDL_HINT_VIDEO_ALLOW_SCREENSAVER: "1")
		Fixed: screen glitches after running for 25 days
		Fixed: (HTML Exports) touch controls not registering when running under iOS from an iframe (e.g. on an itch.io page) 
		Fixed: (HTML Exports) tap and hold brings up the select menu under iOS
		Fixed: (HTML Exports) button blocked by canvas when overlapping on small screens


		Added: pack(), unpack()
		Changed: bitplane read/write mask only reset after finished running program
		Fixed: tline() doesn't draw anything when the layers argument is not given


		Added: tline() takes an optional layers parameter, similar to map()
		Added: high bits of 0x5f5e taken as colour read mask, low taken to be colour write mask
		Added: Double-click in the sfx tracker to select all attributes of a single note.
		Fixed: assignment shorthand RHS scope wrong when contains certain operators. e.g. a+=1&127
		Fixed: while/if shorthands fail when "do" or "then" appears on the same line as part of an identifier
		Fixed: ctrl-c copies the wrong sfx after clicking pencil button (next to pattern #) in organiser view
		Fixed: spinning cart icon present in video memory when cart boots from splore


		Added: Window title shows current cartridge filename while editing
		Changed: ~ preceeding a numerical constant (e.g. ~1) counts as a single token
		Fixed: >>> operator behaviour does not match lshr(a,b) when b >= 32 (again)
		Fixed: PICO-8 freezes when shift by -0x8000 
		Fixed: .p8 format does not store extpal label colours
		Fixed: Can not save screenshot when filename contains ":"


		Changed: @@ operator (peek2) to %
		Fixed: Exported wasm crashes on boot when code contains a numerical constant out of range.
		Fixed: HTML Shell treats controller shoulder buttons as MENU; easy to accidentally bump.
		Fixed: shift operators behaviour undefined for negative values of n (now: x << n means x >> -(n\1))
		Fixed: >>> operator behaviour does not match lshr(a,b) when b >= 32
		Fixed: INFO crashes when code is close to 64k of random characters
		Fixed: Code editor undo step not stored when starting to edit a new line (hard to see what happened)


		Added: zip file creation (with preserved file attributes) when exporting binaries
		Added: cpu working animation when cpu usage > 120 skipped frames
		Improved: stop() / resume now works at the instruction level
		Fixed: tline clipping broken (from 0.2.0d)
		Fixed: cpu counting is wrong inside coroutines
		Fixed: coroutines interrupted by garbage collection
		Fixed: code compression suddenly much worse for carts > 32k chars
		Fixed: code compression ratio can be less than 1 in extreme cases		
		Fixed: pasting a string ending in '1' into the command prompt opens the editor
		Fixed: html export can run out of pre-allocated heap when doing heavy string operations
		Fixed: hex memory addresses displayed in puny font on windows
		Fixed: devkit mouse message shown once per cart -- should be once per chain of carts
		Fixed: can't paste sfx notes after moving to another sfx via keyboard
		Fixed: copying note select vs. sfx vs. pattern range is ambiguous
		Fixed: crash after redefining type()


		Added: rnd(x) when x is an array-style table, returns a random item from that table
		Added: gif_reset_mode (in config.txt / CONFIG command). Defaults to 0.1.12c behaviour
		Added: print(str, col) form behaves the same as: color(col) print(str)
		Added: Operators: <<> >>< <<>= >><=
		Changed: tline now also observes an offset (0x5f3a, 0x5f3b)
		Changed: tline rounds down to integer screen coordinates (same as line)
		Changed: Final cpu adjustments (see release post)
		Changed: Removed experimental "!"->"this" shorthand
		Changed: clip() returns previous state as 4 return values
		Fixed: Included files remain locked (and can not be edited by external editors)
		Fixed: Carts loaded as plaintext .lua fail to handle BOM / DOS characters
		Fixed: palt() returns previous state of bitfield as a boolean instead of a number
		Fixed: CPU speed on widget doesn't exactly match stat(1)
		Fixed: stat(1) occasionally reports garbage values when above 1.0
		Fixed: Custom btnp repeat rates (0x5f5c, 0x5f5d) speed up when skipping frames
		Fixed: gif_scale setting not read from config.txt
		Fixed: tline: texture references are incorrect when sy1 < sy0
		Fixed: tline: single pixel spans are drawn as two pixels
		Fixed: binary exports' controls menu always shows 0 joyticks connected
		Fixed: Pressing DEL on first row of tracker doesn't do anything
		Fixed: host framerate regulation is slow (~1/sec) when PICO-8 frame takes < 1ms to execute
		Fixed: fillp() return value (previous state) does not include transparency bit
		Fixed: clip"" setting all clip values to 0 (should be ignored)
		Fixed: Raspberry Pi static build / static export requires GLIBC 2.0.29 (now .16)
		Fixed: stop(nil) crashes 
		Fixed: print(), printh(), stop() prints "nil" with no arguments (should have no output)
		Fixed: trace() can not be used with coroutines


		Changed: Compressed size limit now 0x3d00 bytes (reclaimed an unused 0x100 byte block)
		Fixed: >>>= operator (was doing a >>= replacement instead) 
		Fixed: #including large .lua files causes crashes, weird behaviour
		Fixed: Sandboxed CSTORE: writing partial data to another embedded cart clobbers the remaining data.
		Fixed: Multicart code storing regression introduced in 0.2.0 (code from head cart stored in other carts)
		Fixed: Can not edit spritesheet after panning
		Fixed: Junk error messages when syntax error contains one of the new operators
		Fixed: Crash with: 0x8000 / 1 


		Changed: #include directive can be preceeded by whitespace 
		Changed: Activity logger records nothing after idle for 30 seconds
		Fixed: Mouse cursor movement in editor is not smooth
		Fixed: Display palette doesn't reset after exiting splore
		Fixed: PALT() returns 0 instead of previous state as bitfield
		Fixed: Rectangle and line tools broken when used in map editor
		Fixed: INSTALL_GAMES under Windows produces broken cart files
		Fixed: Stored multicart sometimes has code section truncated (fails to load())


		Added: 8-bit character set with kana, alt font
		Added: ord(), chr()
		Added: SFX / Pattern organiser view
		Added: SFX edit buttons on pattern channels
		Added: tline // textured line drawing
		Added: SPLORE automatically updates BBS carts when online
		Added: Search for similar (shared tags) cartridges, or by thread
		Added: predefined fillp() pattern values assigned to glyphs
		Added: btnp() custom delays (poke 0x5f5c, 0x5f5d)
		Added: "." shorthand command for advancing a single frame (calls _update, _draw if they exist)
		Added: Current editor/cart view is recorded every 3 seconds to [app_data]/activity_log.txt
		Added: Cutting (ctrl-x) and pasting selected sprites while in map view to also adjust map references to those sprites
		Added: Clipboard is supported in the html exports (with some limitations) // load #wobblepaint for an example.
		Added: Can load .lua files as cartridges
		Added: Operators: ..= ^= \ \= & | ^^ << >> >>> ~ &= |= ^^= <<= >>= >>>= @ @@(update: @@ replaced with %) $
		Added: New demo carts: waves.p8 dots3d.p8 automata.p8 wander.p8 cast.p8 jelpi.p8 (use INSTALL_DEMOS)
		Added: Extra pre-installed games: Embrace, 8 Legs to Love (use INSTALL_GAMES)
		Added: Splore cart labels for .p8 files
		Added: Now 16 code tabs (click on the rightmost ones to scroll)
		Added: ipairs()
		Added: SAVE from commandline to quick-save current cartridge (same as ctrl-s) 
		Added: BACKUP from commandline to save a backup of current cartridge
		Added: CPU usage widget (ctrl-p while running cartridge)
		Added: Button / dpad states exposed in memory at 0x5f4c (8 bytes)
		Added: Random number generator state exposed at 0x5f44 (8 bytes)
		Added: pico8_dyn version is included when exporting to Raspberry Pi
		Added: allow_function_keys option in config.txt (CTRL 6..9 are now preferred -- will phase out F6..F9 if practical)
		Added: Visible tab characters (draw_tabs in config.txt)
		Added: pal({1,2,3..}) means: use the value for each key 0..15 in a table
		Added: palt(bitfield) means: set the colour transparency for all 16 colours, starting with the highest bit
		Added: Options menu for binary exports (sound / fullscreen / controls)
		Added: Shape drawing tools in sprite and map editor
		Improved: Miscellaneous HTML shell / player optimisations and adjustments
		Improved: Lower cpu usage for small foreground_sleep_ms values (changed host event loop & fps switching strategy)
		Changed: This update is called 0.2.0, not 0.1.12d! (grew into plans for 0.2.0, and bumped cart version number)
		ChangeD: Reverted cheaper 0.1.12* costs on bitwise operators & peek (recommend replacing with operators if need)
		Changed: negative numbers expressed with a '-' count as a single token
		Changed: glitchy reset effect does not leave residue in base RAM (but maybe on screen when using sprites / tiles)
		Changed: sset() with 2 parameters uses the draw state colour as default
		Changed: line() or line(col) can be used to skip drawing and set the (line_x1, line_y1) state on the next call to line(x1,y1)
		Changed: vital system functions (load, reboot etc.) can only be overwritten during cartridge execution  
		Changed: sqrt(x) is now more accurate, and a little faster than x^.5
		Changed: sqrt(x) returns 0 for negative values of x
		Changed: btnp() delay and repeats now work independently per-button
		Changed: pairs(nil) returns an empty function
		Changed: Default screenshot scale (now 4x), gif scale (now 3x)
		Changed: gif_len now means the length when no start point is specified (used to be the maximum recordable length)
		Changed: (Multicarts) When loading data from many different carts, the swap delay maxes out at ~2 seconds
		Changed: (Raspberry Pi) removed support for (and dependency on) libsndio
		Changed: camera(), cursor(), color(), pal(), palt(), fillp(), clip() return their previous state
		Changed: Can not call folder() from a BBS cart running under splore
		Changed: F9 resets the video, so that multiple presses results in a sequence of clips that can be joined to together
		Changed: color() defaults to 6 (was 0)
		Changed: Backed up filenames are prefixed with a timestamp.
		Changed: Automatically start on the (host's) current path if it is inside PICO-8's root path
		Changed: tostr(x,true) can also be used to view the hex value of functions and tables (uses Lua's tostring)
		Changed: Can hold control when clicking number fields (spd, pattern index etc.) to increment/decrement by 4 (was shift)
		Fixed: HTML exports running at 60fps sometimes appear to repeatedly speed up and slow down
		Fixed: HTML export layout: sometimes broken -- option buttons overlapping in the same place 
		Fixed: __tostring metatable methods not observed by tostr() / print() / printh()
		Fixed: Mac OSX keyboard permissions (fixed in SDL2 0.2.12)
		Fixed: Audio mixer: SFX with loop_end > 32 would sometimes fail to loop back
		Fixed: btn() firing a frame late, and not on the same frame as stat(30)
		Fixed: #include can not handle files saved by some Windows text editors in default format (w/ BOM / CRLF)
		Fixed: Exports do not flatten #include'd files
		Fixed: Default window size has too much black border (now reverted to previous default)
		Fixed: Functions yielded inbetween frames occasionally push an extra return value (type:function) to the stack
		Fixed: can't load png-encoded carts with code that starts with a :
		Fixed: .gif output unnecessarily large
		Fixed: .gif recording skipping frames when running at 15fps	
		Fixed: printh does not convert to unicode when writing to console or to a file
		Fixed: cart data sometimes not flushed when loading another cart during runtime
		Fixed: Can not navigate patterns with -,+ during music playback
		Fixed: Mouse cursor not a hand over some buttons
		Fixed: Laggy mouseover messages (e.g. showing current colour index, or map coordinates)
		Fixed: Can't paste glyphs into search field
		Fixed: Tab spacing always jumps config.tab_spaces instead of snapping to next column
		Fixed: -p switch name is wrong (was only accepting "-param" in 0.12.*
		Fixed: Code editor highlighting goes out of sync after some operations
		Fixed: Multicart communication problem (affecting PICOWARE)
		Fixed: time() speeds up after using the RESUME command
		Fixed: Audio state is clobbered when using the RESUME command
		Fixed: Audio glitch when fading out music containing slide effect (1)
		Fixed: Toggling sound from splore cart->options menu has no effect
		Fixed: Devkit keyboard works when paused
		Fixed: "-32768 % y" gives wrong results
		Fixed: Replacing all text in code editor breaks undo history
		Fixed: Double click to select last word in code does not include the last character
		Fixed: Weird block comment behavior in code editor
		Fixed: HTML export: cart names can not contain quotes
		Fixed: HTML export: menu button layout under chromium
		Fixed: HTML export: Adding content above cartridge breaks mobile layout
		Fixed: HTML export: Can touch-drag PICO-8 screen around (breaks simulated mouse input)
		Fixed: LOAD("#ABC") does not always immediately yield
		Fixed: Infinite RUN() loop crashes PICO-8
		Fixed: Mouse cursor is not a finger on top of most "pressable" button-style elements
		Fixed: CD command fails when root_path is relative (e.g. "pico8 -root_path .")
		Fixed: poke in fill pattern addresses (0x5f31..0x5f33) discards some bits
		Fixed: After using ctrl-click in map editor, can not modify map outside that region
		Fixed: Shift-selecting sprites from bottom right to top left selects wrong region
		Fixed: Changing GIF_LEN from PICO-8 commandline sometimes breaks gif saving
		Fixed: pget() sometimes returns values with high bits set
		Fixed: Preprocessor: unary operator lhs is not separated in some cases (e.g. x=1y+=1)
		Fixed: Preprocessor: ? shorthand prevents other preprocess replacements on same line
		Fixed: Preprocessor: fails when multiple shorthand expressions + strings containing brackets appear on the same line
		Fixed: Loading a .p8 file with too many tabs discards the excess code.
		Fixed: Map editor's stamp tool wraps around when stamping overlapping the right edge.
		Fixed: Very quick/light tap events sometimes do not register
		Fixed: SFX tracker mode: can't copy notes with shift-cursors before clicking (whole sfx is copied instead)
		Fixed: "..." breaks syntax highlighting
		Fixed: Click on text, press up/down -> cursor reverts to previous horizontal position
		Fixed: CTRL-[a..z] combinations processed twice under some linux window managers
		Fixed: ctrl-up/down to jump to functions in the code editor breaks when "function" is followed by a tab
		Fixed: map & gfx drawing selection is not applied consistently between tools
		Fixed: Using right mouse button to pick up a colour / tile value sometimes also applies current tool


		Fixed: CPU usage reported by stat(1) is higher than actual value
		Fixed: Fail to load .p8 cartridges w/ BOM marker / CRLF endlines
		Fixed: Syntax errors / crash caused by #including files containing BOM / CRLFs
		Fixed: Can not save .p8 when contains unresolved #includes
		Fixed: Can't open pico-8.txt in Notepad.exe (added CRLFs)
		Fixed: Can delete null terminator at end of code (revealing previously deleted code)


		Added: config command (e.g. CONFIG THEME CLASSIC)
		Fixed: Windows sound resampling artifacts (moved to SDL2 2.0.9 audio:directsound)
		Fixed: Glyphs stored as unicode can not load when #include'd		
		Fixed: Code highlighting is wrong after select and delete a line
		Fixed: Last line endpoint not present in draw state memory
		Fixed: Ubuntu 16.04 can not run because requires glibc 2.27 (reduced dependency to 2.14)
		Fixed: stat(102) returns nil when run from binary instead of 0 (now 0)
		Fixed: Loading cartridge from commandline fails when path contains "../"
		Fixed: (OSX) Crash when reloading external changes with CTRL-R
		Fixed: (Windows) Crash when running cart with included code		
		Fixed: Can not export or include extra cartridges outside of current directory
		Fixed: Off by 1 when search for line 1 (affected ctrl-b, ctrl-l)
		Fixed: html template -- mouse cursor showing over canvas (now hidden by default)


		Added: #include a text file, or a tab from another cartridge
		Added: Unlimited undo for gfx,map,sfx
		Added: [sfx] snippets: copy and paste sound & music between PICO-8 instances and BBS posts
		Added: (BBS) sfx snippet player
		Added: CTRL-G in code editor to repeat search across all tabs
		Added: Splore search text entry with cursor key button presses
		Added: Custom tab widths (tab_width in config.txt)
		Added: Web exporter template: joystick & touch support, preview image, menu buttons, adaptive size, controls screen
		Added: .wasm exporter (use -w)
		Added: Raspberry Pi binary exporter
		Added: -export // run the EXPORT command from host commandline
		Added: Toggle flags on multiple sprites at once by selecting them first
		Added: Confirmations when loading/saving with unsaved changes
		Added: Windowed mode support for Raspberry Pi
		Added: serial() interface for Raspberry Pi // serial() -- spi, ws281x, direct bit banging // 0.2.1 update: dropped spi
		Added: api: peek2 poke2 rawset rawget rawlen rawequal next
		Added: Comment/uncomment selected block with CTRL-B
		Added: Can save screenshots and gifs from exported binaries via EXTCMD
		Added: Can exit exported binaries after runtime error / stop(), and also via EXTCMD("SHUTDOWN")
		Added: SHUTDOWN menu item added to pause menu when running via "-run cartfile"
		Added: -kiosk to run in kiosk mode: boot into splore, favourites menu only, no cart menu
		Added: -root_path to set root cartridges folder from commandline
		Added: shift+space in song view to play from the current quarter of the selected channel
		Added: CTRL-W, CTRL-E in code editor to jump to start / end of line
		Added: -accept_future to load cartides made with future versions of PICO-8
		Added: -preblit_scale (default: auto) for less blurry scaling with -pixel_perfect 0
		Added: -pixel_perfect -1 (auto) only uses pixel perfect scaling when < 10% of the containing screen axis is wasted
		Added: highlight all occurances when searching for text in code editor 
		Added: tab completion across directories
		Added: In map editor, non-zero cels that are drawn all black are marked with a single blue dot
		Changed: all(), foreach() cpu cost is now much cheaper (but still a little more than using a for loop)
		Changed: cursor() can also set the current color with a third parameter
		Changed: stat 24..26 return -1 when no music is playing
		Changed: 3x4 font characters (uppercase in ascii) allowed in code editor (but not pasteable/editable)
		Changed: time() / t() always means seconds since run (but still updated once per _update() / _update60)
		Changed: line(x1,y1) can be used to draw from the end of the last line
		Changed: del() returns the item deleted on success
		Changed: single setting for audio volume (-volume switch, "volume" in config.txt)
		Changed: allow '-' in cartdat() names
		Changed: 8 and - only map to buttons 4 and 5 by default for CHIP build
		Changed: Raspberry Pi pico8_dyn build does not support gpio/serial (and so does not require wiringPi)
		Changed: Default theme is 1 (blue background in code editor)
		Changed: When loading a cart from commandline, automatically set the current path if inside PICO-8's filesystem 
		Fixed: Code editor uses too much cpu / battery power
		Fixed: cstore() with an external cart name broken when run from exported cart or as bbs cart
		Fixed: Undoing changes to SFX after using pitch drawing tool clears SFX data
		Fixed: Running headless scripts under Windows / Mac OSX crashes
		Fixed: Running headless scripts with no video driver fails
		Fixed: Can not load BBS carts in headless script mode (without auto-running)
		Fixed: (Web exporter) mouse cursor doesn't work in fullscreen
		Fixed: (Web exporter) mouse button 2 brings up context menu
		Fixed: (Web exporter) Clusters of FS.syncfs calls causing error messages (and inefficient?)
		Fixed: (Windows) PICO-8 behaves as if it is not the foreground application
		Fixed: divide and abs sign flipping for 0x8000.0000
		Fixed: sqrt(0x0000.0001) freezes
		Fixed: "-1"+0 evaluates to 0xffff.0001
		Fixed: shift-tabbing to unindent alters selection range
		Fixed: background_sleep_ms reverts to default value
		Fixed: "open in thread" option appears for local carts
		Fixed: (code editor) undo markers in unexpected places
		Fixed: root_path, desktop_path in config.txt doesn't work without trailing slash
		Fixed: Audio sampling rate is wrong when device/driver doesn't support 22050MHz
		Fixed: Loading cart with less than 5 pixel rows of gfx does not clear default white cross sprite
		Fixed: cpu cycle exploit using peek4 with no parameters
		Fixed: SFX keyboard editing operations (e.g. SPD +/-) sometimes applied to the wrong SFX
		Fixed: Cursor behaviour when moving between song and sfx view, and when playing music
		Fixed: Selecting SFX notes with shift + home/end/pgup/pgdown
		Fixed: Vibrato (2) and drop (3) effects in SFX instruments not observed
		Fixed: Can not place note at C-0 in pitch mode
		Fixed: CTRL-F search in code skips matches that are close together
		Fixed: (Mac) warning about unoptimized program (built with SDL 2.0.9, + now 64-bit)
		Fixed: (Raspberry Pi) Keypresses leaking to desktop
		Fixed: (Raspberry Pi) Keyboard layout fixed to US
		Fixed: printh(nil) prints [false] instead of [nil]
		Fixed: toggling audio mute twice returns to maximum volume
		Fixed: alt+cursors moves cursor in code editor
		Fixed: del does not work on first character of code or commandline
		Fixed: preprocessor breaks on double slash in string s="\\"
		Fixed: sometimes code executing a little after point of runtime error
		Fixed: Token count reported in editor is more than 0 after rebooting
		Fixed: "Removed empty tabs" message displayed when loading cart with fewer tabs
		Fixed: Member variables highlighted when same as API function names (e.g. actor.spr)
		Fixed: Hot-plugged joysticks not recognized

		Added: CTRL-C to copy contents of commandline
		Added: stat(100..102) for current breadcrumb label, bbs cart id, and hostname (web)
		Added: content_filter in config.txt
		Added: Cartverse cart id support (not live server-side yet though)
		Fixed: Tab preview does not show on mouseover
		Fixed: Can't paste uppercase characters into commandline
		Fixed: Preprocessor can't handle glyphs in form: "♥.x += 1"
		Fixed: Unsaved changes sometimes reported when filename is not set
		Fixed: Pause menu doesn't open inside infinite loop inside _draw
		Fixed: load() crashes when "parameter string" parameter is not a string
		Fixed: cstore(),reload() crash when external cart filename is not a string
		Fixed: printh(str, "@clip") fails for glyph characters in str


		Fixed: Pause menu doesn't open inside an infinite loop
		Fixed: Binary and hex string digits outside of 0xffff.ffff alter result


		Added: stat(30..31) for devkit keyboard input
		Added: extcmd("pause") extcmd("reset") extcmd("breadcrumb")
		Added: lshr(), ceil(), rotl(), rotr(), peek4(), poke4()
		Added: stat(12..15) to grab the position of the pause menu (x0,y0,y1,y1)
		Added: DPAD game controller buttons mapped to LRUD
		Added: CTRL-click on song navigator to scroll by 4 patterns
		Added: Can type and paste glyphs in commandline
		Added: Notification when CTRL-R fails to reload because of unsaved changes
		Added: Notification when code automatically converted to lower-case
		Added: INFO() checks for "external changes" (e.g. when using a separate text editor)
		Added: .p8.png format can be used with cstore() and carts bundled in multicarts
		Added: Can optionally set fill pattern using colour parameter 
		Changed: Glyphs can be used as variable names
		Changed: Glyphs stored in clipboard and .p8 format as roughly corresponding unicode
		Changed: .p8 format skips storing tailing rows of data that match default state
		Changed/Fixed: shr(x,n) is now equivalent to calling shr(x,1) n times when n >= 32
		Fixed: Error message and stack trace line numbers 0 or slightly out
		Fixed: Unclosed block error navigates cursor to  rather than start of block
		Fixed: Exported binaries can load carts outside of bundle
		Fixed: BBS cart loaded from a local cart loses data cstore()ed during previous run
		Fixed: btn() returns same as btnp()
		Fixed: btnp(6) always returns false
		Fixed: Missing mask pixels in cart download animation frame
		Fixed: Crash when try to load a directory as a cart
		Fixed: Sometimes cursor position set by keyboard mouse emulation in code editor

		Added: t() aliased to time()
		Fixed: time() always returns 0 when there is no _update function
		Fixed: (raspi) Keyboard stops responding after pressing CTRL-F, CTRL-Z
		Fixed: (raspi) Double keypresses in sound editor when entering notes
		Fixed: stat(6) pads parameter string with spaces

		Added: Local and UT time queries using stat()
		Added: host_framerate_control (config.txt) to improve performance on slower machines and web 
		Added: Control over cpu usage when running in background (-background_sleep_ms / config.txt)
		Added: Windows icon in exported exe
		Added: F11 to toggle fullscreen
		Added: export -c switch to indicate transparent icon colour 
		Added: show_backup_messages (config.txt) to turn off backup notifications
		Added: SFX instruments documentation in pico8.txt
		Added: Error message when trying to export carts with code size over the compressed limit
		Changed: If config.txt is not found, the same directory as the executable is searched
		Changed: If sdl_controllers.txt exists in the same directory as the executeable, it is processed first
		Changed: Shorthand if () statements must be written on a single line
		Fixed: reload() from bundled, non-primary cart in exported html multicart reads only original data
		Fixed: Exported binaries wrongly observe F7 (capture label)
		Fixed: Loading carts from earlier versions alters SFX data not intended for audio
		Fixed: Old version of fill patterns documentation near end of pico8.txt
		Fixed: 'backed up unsaved changes' message displayed during runtime for cstored() carts
		Fixed: PICO-8 runs too slowly when in background (new default background_sleep_ms: 20)
		Fixed: Saving screenshots and videos from exported binaries are named 0_*
		Fixed: Compressed size limit warning on save doesn't mention exported carts
		Fixed: btn(), btnp() don't work in infinite loops
		Fixed: btnp() timing inconsistent between 30fps / 60fps / during frame-skipping / with no _update
		Fixed: Can't move between channels while music is playing in song mode

		Fixed: Preprocessor bug regressions: "if (..) or", "a.b -= c - d"
		Fixed: Crash when pressing menu button on an empty favourites list

		Added: Binary exporters (Windows, Linux, Mac OSX)
		Added: Code tabs
		Added: Splore cart menu
		Added: Fill patterns
		Added: Custom sfx instruments
		Added: load("#1234") to load [and run] a BBS cart
		Added: -x switch // execute a cart headless, for making commandline toolchains
		Added: Compressed size display and limit warning lights in code editor
		Added: CTRL-L to jump to a line number in code editor
		Added: numbers can be written in binary: 0b10100010 
		Added: tostr(), tonum()
		Added: extcmd(): audio_rec, audio_end to record all audio output.
		Added: ls() returns a list of local files if called while running
		Added: getmetatable()
		Added: coroutine error reporting // wrap coresume() in assert()
		Added: sfx() can take a 4th parameter: number of notes to play
		Added: Live sfx and music editing + better navigation controls
		Added: Transpose selected sfx notes relative to C by entering a note w/ SHIFT held
		Added: Insert and delete sfx rows with enter and backspace
		Added: Hidden note data is shown in sfx editor when relevant (slide, arps)
		Added: Warning displayed when unsaved changes backed up
		Added: Separate animation for downloading vs. loading a cart
		Added: export -p switch to supply a customized html template 
		Added: Mousewheel when devkit mouse enabled: stat(36) // not supported in web
		Added: < > to change zoom level in gfx and map editors
		Changed: Rebalanced / fixed api cpu costs
		Changed: Screenshot and gif filenames based on current cart if available
		Changed: add() returns the added object
		Changed: removed global hpf on audio
		Changed: (sfx) can slide to volume 0
		Changed: removed master low pass filter
		Changed: assert() can take an optional error_message parameter
		Changed: ? (shorthand for print()) can be prefixed by whitespace 
		Changed: shl(), shr() return 0 if second parameter >= 32
		Changed: Automatically drop down to software blitting mode if opengl fails
		Changed: Lua memory limit set to 2MB (was 1MB)
		Changed: Some options (-width, -show_fps) apply only to the session; not saved to config.txt
		Updated: Internal game controller mappings from SDL_GameControllerDB
		Fixed: Pops & clicks in audio when switching between playing SFX
		Fixed: Crash in audio mixer because of bad locking
		Fixed: Crash when loading .p8 files with more than 64k of code
		Fixed: Indexing of sparse tables fails after removing n/2 elements
		Fixed: Calling stat() inside an infinite loop crashes
		Fixed: Resetting cartridge corrupts cartridge data in range 0x5e00..0x5eff
		Fixed: Can not recover from a cart error caused by glitchy data on resetting 
		Fixed: String->negative number conversion off by 0x0.0001 (-1 --> 0xffff0001)
		Fixed: Crash when running cart closed to 64k char limit
		Fixed: Cursor can't move to the right of last character in code editor
		Fixed: Missing highlighted keywords: in, add, del, menuitem
		Fixed: Preprocessor bugs: "a+=1+2\n*3", "a+=(1)ba=42", "a[(1)]+=1"
		Fixed: Preprocessor performs replacements inside a string printed with ?
		Fixed: Display freezes when terminating a program running at >100% cpu
		Fixed: Quick-running (CTRL-R) clobbers some editor state (e.g. current sprite page)
		Fixed: Loading a .p8 file with a future version reports a generic failure
		Fixed: alt-enter to toggle fullscreen also triggers pause menu
		Fixed: Splore scrolling jumps around when list gets too long

		Fixed: atan flips sign for very negative values of x close to zero

		Fixed: HTML exporter carts don't run
		Fixed: HTML export 60fps support broken
		Fixed: HTML export when path has a space in it (common for OSX)
		Fixed: atan2 ignores sign of y
		Fixed: (Raspberry Pi) Crash when access gpio not as root

		Added: Multi-cart export in html
		Added: Cart reset glitch
		Added: Demo carts: bounce, sort
		Added: .p8 format can now store cart labels
		Added: Splore navigation keys: pageup/down, home, end
		Added: Splore usage hint shown on empty favourites list
		Added: Warning on boot when data folder is read-only or can't be created
		Added: Pressing tab with code selected indents those lines (shift-tab to un-indent)
		Added: Double click word to select it
		Added: Trigger screenshot/video/label capture from inside program: extcmd()
		Changed: CTRL+left/right in code editor skips to end of word or span of non-whitespace
		Changed: When a cart terminates from splore, button press is required to continue
		Changed: load("@clip") can only be called from commandline (security)
		Fixed: Can over-allocate host memory if exceed it within one frame
		Fixed: atan2(-1, -32768) crash, and error for small values of dy
		Fixed: (Web) using cstore() on self causes unloadable cart (bug introduced in 0.1.8?)
		Fixed: (web) Pressing ctrl-v crashes the player (should do nothing)
		Fixed: (Raspberry Pi) WiringPi library required in static build
		Fixed: (Raspberry Pi) Crash on exit when launching via desktop icon
		Fixed: (Raspberry Pi) keyboard input broken (observed on raspi2s)


		Added: Alternative function key mapping: ctrl-6..9 for F6..F9
		Added: Alternative glyph entry method: (ctrl-k) to toggle glyph mode
		Changed: Enter glyphs with shift a..z, but can be disabled in config.txt 
		Changed: Increased emscripten ram to 128MB (some carts at risk of running out)
		Fixed: Crash when window size is tiny or minified
		Fixed: Crash on toggling fullscreen mode
		Fixed: printh can write files outside filetree (security issue)
		Fixed: show_fps (can also now be toggled with ctrl-1)
		Fixed: Shorthand if/then syntax error when using the form: (functionname)(param)
		Fixed: log.txt not saved in path specified by -home switch
		Fixed: Default application data folder created even when -home specified
		Fixed: Missing dynamic builds (pico8_dyn) from linux archives
		Fixed: Removed unneeded RPATH from linux binaries
		Fixed: export foo%d.wav fails to write multiple files 

		Added: Copy and paste sprites and whole cartridges directly to BBS posts 
		Added: JAM category in splore
		Added: GPIO support for Raspberry Pi
		Added: Read clipboard using stat(4) after user presses CTRL-V
		Added: printh() can optionally write to a file or the host clipboard
		Added: Editor tool information and tips shown on mouseover
		Added: Set desktop path with -desktop (screenshots and gifs are saved here)
		Added: Warning on saving .p8 when compressed code size exceeds .p8.png limit
		Added: Alternative editor colours // config.txt: gui_theme 1
		Added: Dotted line every 8 rows in song view
		Added: -screenshot_scale (default: 3) and -gif_scale (default: 2)
		Added: Can use ctrl-up, ctrl-down to jump to start and end of code
		Added: CTRL-M to mute/unmute sound
		Added: HTML5-exported carts support 60fps
		Added: Timeout switch for splore downloads: -timeout
		Changed: Glyph characters typed with alt + a..z 
		Changed: stat(0) does not include allocations waiting to be garbage collected
		Changed: Unfiltered screen stretching at integer scales by default
		Changed: Removed -aspect and -scale settings (use draw_rect instead)
		Fixed: -home has no effect under Windows
		Fixed: Sometimes frame skipping starts before CPU usage has reached 100%
		Fixed: Double-speed BTNP() timing in 60fps mode
		Fixed: Exported HTML fails when _update60 is used instead of _update
		Fixed: Can't copy and paste button glyphs
		Fixed: Lines containing glyphs do not scroll far enough horizontally 
		Fixed: Loading .p8 renamed as .p8.png from splore freezes
		Fixed: Bucketfill in map doesn't sync to shared memory
		Fixed: fset fails when de-setting flags
		Fixed: Syntax error when beginning with the form: IF (..) [OR|AND]\n  
		Fixed: cls() costs twice as much cpu as it should
		Fixed: wav file exporter missing some data / writing truncated buffers
		Fixed: Entering new notes in song view doesn't observe current volume, instrument
		Fixed: alt-tab sometimes generates alt character text entry event
		Fixed: Resuming a cancelled download in splore causes crash
		Fixed: Controller attributes in log.txt always shown as -1	
		Added: 60fps support
		Added: Music exporter
		Added: Custom GIF length (maximum 120 seconds)
		Added: -,+ to navigate sprite tabs, sfx, music patterns
		Added: sfx editor: navigate with home, end, pageup/down, mousewheel
		Added: <, > to modify sfx speed, or click and drag
		Added: Middle mouse button to pan around spritesheet / map
		Added: Shortcut command for splore: S
		Added: Pre-installed selection of BBS cart (use INSTALL_GAMES)
		Added: Warning when saving .p8.png with no label 
		Added: (OSX) logging to ~/Library/Logs (viewable with Console.app)
		Added: -pixel_perfect switch (on by default)
		Added: -draw_rect switch
		Changed: Can not CTRL-S save over a loaded bbs cart
		Changed: Only .p8 files listed by dir() and by splore
		Changed: Command history increased to 256
		Changed: exit() / shutdown() have no effect while running cart
		Fixed: Memory usage (stat(0)) inconsistent across host platforms
		Fixed: Spinny disks shows when reloading current cart with load()
		Fixed: GIF saver does not respect 64x64 / mirrored modes
		Fixed: Miscellaneous multi-line comments / strings issues
		Fixed: Empty map cels cost cpu in mapdraw()
		Fixed: mapdraw() slowdown when drawing bottom half of map
		Fixed: preprocess changes semantics when += and : operators on same line
		Fixed: Identifiers starting with underscore counted as extra token
		Fixed: Saving .png exceeding compressed code limit fails silently
		Fixed: Right-clicking a sprite does not set the currently edited sprite
		Fixed: (Windows) extra space added to pasted lines
		Fixed: spr() expensive when drawn with low negative coordinates
		Fixed: pipe character identical to colon character
		Fixed: (Raspberry Pi) shift key appends a character when entering text
		Fixed: Editor mode buttons are still clickable during cart runtime
		Fixed: When loading a .p8.png file, label is reset and needs to be re-captured
		Fixed: export() does not report failure
		Fixed: mset()'d changes in shared memory not readable via peek() / sget()
		Fixed: cstore() saving edited code
		Fixed: audio pop between patterns during music playback

		Added: menuitem()
		Added: button glyphs in code (shift-L, R, U, D, X, O)
		Added: Customisable data directory (e.g. pico8 -home mydata)
		Added: Web gpio pins: read and write pico8_gpio[] in javscript 
		Fixed: SPLORE search doesn't reset
		Fixed: Splore skipping 33rd cart listing after loading more items
		Fixed: Crash when selecting a local binary file in splore
		Fixed: Semicolon can't be used as a list or statement separator 
		Fixed: Exported html can not cstore self


		Added: SPLORE local & bbs cartridge explorer
		Added: setmetatable(), cocreate(), coresume(), costatus(), yield()
		Added: Spinning cart icon to show when a cart is swapped / written to
		Added: Permanent storage when carts played in a browser
		Added: Adjustable aspect ratio (-aspect 420 for 1:1)
		Changed: Lua memory limit: 1024k (was 512k)
		Changed: Music channel now resumes after being clobbered by an sfx 
		Changed: Arpeggios double speed when SFX speed <= 8
		Changed: Exceeding compressed code limit does not block saving in .p8 format 
		Changed: spr() half as expensive, to be consistent with map()
		Changed: Fractional hex number notation: 0x0.3 == 0x0.3000, (was 0x0.0003)
		Changed: : operator doesn't count as an extra token (same as .)
		Changed: cstore() writes directly to disk
		Changed: cstore(), reload() return number of bytes read / written
		Changed: save() while running does nothing. (use cstore() instead)
		Changed: load() while running loads and runs the specified cartridge 
		Fixed: Small pops in audio mixer caused by sound wave discontinuities
		Fixed: HTML5-exported sound clicks badly under Chrome
		Fixed: Display palette is not oberserved when exporting GIFs
		Fixed: Rapid keypresses causes duplicate readings in tracker & text editor
		Fixed: += inside comments breaks preprocessor
		Fixed: sspr() cpu cost the same when clipped
		Fixed: cartdata() with bad parameters crashes
		Fixed: EXPORT from commandline can not be used without brackets and quotes

		Added: Raspberry Pi Build
		Added: Keyboard configuration for player buttons (KEYCONFIG) 
		Added: Music tracker select / copy / paste
		Added: Single-level undo in audio tools
		Added: Live preview of frequencies in sound editor
		Fixed: Command history extends past last reboot
		Fixed: Sfx exporter broken
		Fixed: Slashes at end of path resolve to double slashes
		Fixed: Load cart from commandline under Windows

		Fixed: International character entry inserting extra characters
		Fixed: Lines with tabs have broken cursor placement and display boundary

		Fixed: OSX command-key combinations broken
		Added: spritesheet importing and exporting with import("blah.png"), export("blah.png")
		Added: sfx exporting with export("blah%d.wav")
		Added: External cartridge parameter for reload() and cstore()
		Added: Persistent cartridge data mapped to 0x5e00
		Added: Click token limit to toggle token & char limit display
		Added: assert(), type()
		Added: P to pause
		Changed: code char limit: 64k (was 32k)
		Changed: local declarations and semicolons not counted as tokens
		Changed: Pairs of brackets and block delimitations count as one token
		Changed: Only _update() or _draw() need to exist to enter main loop
		Changed: Allow forward-slash in code editor
		Changed: info() reports current (last loaded or saved) filename
		Changed: html5 version compiled with NO_DYNAMIC_EXECUTION 
		Changed: can only cstore up to 64 different files in one session
		Changed: load() automatically copies data section of cart to base ram
		Fixed: Shift-drag-copy sprites -> paste only pastes 1x1
		Fixed: ".." should count as one token
		Fixed: Tracker displaying D instead of .
		Fixed: Multi-line comments
		Fixed: Crash on run when code close to char limit
		Fixed: When over token limit, can not run any command
		Fixed: Unused high bits in SFX section not saved in .p8 format
		Fixed: Camera position memory mapping out of sync
		Fixed: pico8.txt link broken in windows installer
		Fixed: print() crashes when parameter is not a string or numbers
		Fixed: Multi-line strings & escape chars mess up tokenizer and print()
		Fixed: Joystick not responding when left stick is up to the left
		Fixed: Alt-F4 saves screenshot before quitting
		Fixed: Sprite editor mode button doesn't show fullscreen mode
		Fixed: -sound parameter not working in html5 version 
		Added: paste into commandline
		Fixed: lua standard libraries accessible
		Fixed: command-line loading doesn't work
		Fixed: music pattern finished too early when all tracks set to looping 
		Fixed: peek()ing odd bytes in sfx address space masks bit 7
		Fixed: cstore and reload from code space should have no effect
		Added: html5 cartridge exporter
		Added: Cartridge save data (64 fixed point numbers)
		Added: 8-player input
		Added: Demo carts: COLLIDE and BUTTERFLY
		Added: Command-line parameters // load cart, -run, settings
		Added: Alternative function keys (F6..F9 aliased as F1..F4)
		Added: pairs()
		Added: printh() for debugging
		Added: Tab completion for filenames in console
		Added: stack trace on runtime error
		Changed: music pattern length taken to be first non-looping channel's length
		Changed: noise instrument (6) has low frequency white noise scaled by volume
		Changed: screenshot captures whole window contents at display resolution
		Changed: del() moves remaining items up one index to maintain a packed table
		Changed: add(),del(),count(),all() no longer store extra fields
		Changed: removed count() from docs -- now just a legacy function. Use # operator instead.
		Changed: cursor only blinks while window is active
		Changed: peek(), poke() and binary operations (band()..) have no function call overhead
		Changed: yellow slightly warmer
		Changed: No camera snapping after pan in map mode
		Fixed: sqrt() crashing for 0 or >= 32761
		Fixed: Semi-colon characters in text editor
		Fixed: Long lines split when saving in .p8 format 
		Fixed: pget() does not respect camera position
		Fixed: Error message when peeking or poking outside of legal address space
		Fixed: Search replace colour fills one pixel outside of selected region
		Fixed: Playing an empty music pattern breaks subsequent music playback
		Fixed: Invalid sfx editing state on startup
		Fixed: Painting instruments values in frequency view also sets volumes
		Fixed: Inconsistent gif recording speeds
		Fixed: Unmapped joystick support
		Fixed: Compressed code size sometimes larger than uncompressed
		Fixed: mid() fails when first argument is not smallest
		Fixed: Scroll wheel changes sprite/map zoom while in code editor
		Fixed: CTRL-R (quick-run) drawing over current line in command mode
		Fixed: Label capture (F7) does not respect display palette state
		Fixed: Syntax highlighting of api functions and hex numbers
		Fixed: Looping to 0 with negative step finishes at 1
		Fixed: nil values printed as false instead of nil
		Fixed: Hexadecimal fractional parts
		Fixed: btnp() unresponsive when skipping frames
		Fixed: Editing mode is lost when using ctrl-r to run
		Fixed: Tracker note entry keys mapped, messing up piano-like layout
		Fixed: Shared gfx/map memory out of sync after some editor operations
		Fixed: Alt-gr character entry
		Fixed: Can map display palette to entries >= 16 using poke()
		Fixed: Using shift to select in code editor has wrong selection range
		Fixed: Dragging above top of text causes selection to flip to end
		Fixed: Duplicate at end of file listing

		Added: Token-based code limiting (8192 tokens, 32k ascii text)
		Added: Freeform move, pan and selection in sprite and map editors
		Added: Flood-fill tool (sprite and map)
		Added: .GIF saver
		Added: CTRL-Stamp to stamp with transparency
		Added: Single-step undo for map and sprites
		Added: 2x2 brush
		Added: sqrt(), atan2()
		Added: CTRL-S to quick-save
		Added: CTRL-R reloads .p8 file and runs (useful for external text editing)
		Added: Automatic backups on overwriting or quitting without saving
		Added: Scroll wheel zooms in sprite editor
		Added: Customisable resolution //  e.g. pico8 -width 580
		Added: Strings highlighted as green
		Added: ALT-click can optionally simulate right click (see config.txt)
		Added: palt() to control transparency for spr(), sspr()
		Added: info()
		Changed: load() tries adding .p8.png, .png if file doesn't exist
		Changed: Draw operations apply only to selection when active
		Changed: Move operations (cursors) apply to selection if present
		Changed: Removed time()
		Changed: Random seed is random on cart startup
		Changed: api functions never read directly from cart rom
		Changed: sspr() can take negative values for dw, dh
		Fixed: Sparse table indexing with integers fails
		Fixed: Assignment operators and shortform if-then-else failing
		Fixed: sspr() failed when w0 == 128
		Fixed: Circle drawing broken when camera not (0,0)
		Fixed: CPU hogging
		Fixed: Noise instrument clobbers rnd() sequence
		Fixed: Audio system not resetting on program reset
		Fixed: % operator sometimes wrong for negative values
		Fixed: Length operator (#)
		Fixed: Power operator (^)
		Fixed: Line clipping bug on right and bottom edges
		Fixed: print() precision for whole numbers
		Fixed: print() broken for negative y values
		Fixed: tokenization and keyword highlighting
		Fixed: sprite properties not copied/pasted
		Fixed: Only sfx 0..32 could be used as music patterns
		Fixed: Saving and loading a .p8 file adds newline to end of code
		Fixed: Drag selection to left margin in code editor -> selects all

		Added: demo cart: hello.p8 (use install_demos)
		Added: CTRL-R from anywhere to run cart or restart cart
		Added: use a,s to select colour in gfx editor
		Added: consistent operation cpu costs
		Added: btn(), btnp() with no arguments returns bitfield
		Added: fget(id) returns bitfield of that sprite's flags
		Changed: renamed mapdraw() to map() for consistency
		Changed: default sleep time is 5ms (better cpu consumption for laptops)
		Fixed: memory limiter
		Fixed: wonky line and circle drawing
		Fixed: shift-click volume in sfx editor to set all
		Fixed: number formatting is now never in scientific notation
		Fixed: clipped error messages in console
		Fixed: text undo stores rollback points when chaning line number
		Fixed: print(str) carriage returns to previous x


		Added: help()
		Added: Ctrl+F / Ctrl+G to search for text, repeat search
		Added: del key in code editor
		Added: Short-hand single-line IF statements
		Added: Unary operators += -= /= *= %=
		Added: srand(), time(), added rnd() to docs
		Added: Ctrl+D to duplicate line
		Added: interactive ls() for multi-page file listings
		Added: band() bor() bxor() bnot() shl() shr()
		Added: runtime error line number
		Added: dir() (aliased to ls())
		Changed: print() only autoscrolls when called with no parameters
		Changed: alt+up/down to skip between function definitions (was ctrl)
		Changed: sspr() dw, dh defaults to sw, sh
		Fixed: Load crashes on files that are not .p8 format or directories
		Fixed: Misc editor cursor position glitches
		Fixed: Crash when syntax error occurs before viewing code
		Fixed: Broken newlines after rebooting
		Fixed: mkdir() called with no parameters creating "(null)" directory
		Fixed: scrolling past top of code with scrollwheel
		Fixed: alt-f4 to fastquit


		Added: Jelpi demo cart
		Added: Internal carts // use install_demos()
		Added: Joystick support
		Added: Undo/redo in code editor
		Added: Scroll wheel in code editor
		Added: LCTRL + UP/DOWN to navigate functions in code editor
		Added: LALT + LEFT/RIGHT to switch editing modes
		Added: btnp()
		Added: Release looping sample (a in editor , sfx(-2, channel) in code)
		Changed: Music stops when pausing program execution
		Changed: Allow 8 settable sprite flags
		Changed: Made noise instrument more bassy
		Fixed: Home, end keys
		Fixed: Sprite flags 4,5 not saved
		Fixed: mset() discarding 4 high bits
		Fixed: Crash when highlighting long strings


		Added: Palette mapping type 1 (on display)
		Added: Collections can be initialized with c={1,2,..}
		Added: holdframe() // used automatically by _draw(), update()
		Added: Sprite selections and operations across selections
		Added: Map selection and stamp tool
		Added: Immediate mode screen buffer preserved while switching views
		Added: Channel mask for music playback
		Added: Memory mapping for live sound data
		Added: .png cart format
		Added: Sprite navigation by keyboard (-, +)
		Fixed: Strict 4-channel sound
		Fixed: Automatic sfx channel selection (channel index: -1)


		Added: Command history
		Added: P2 keys
		Added: Boot sequence
		Added: Windows, 64-bit linux builds
		Added: CPU cost of internal api functions
		Added: Separate song channel index and mute status
		Added: Memory mapping
		Added: Search/replace colour in sprite editor
		Added: Copy/paste sprites and map regions
		Improved: Immediate mode command editing
		Improved: Editor cursor behaviour
		Fixed: Automatic audio channel selection


		First Alpha

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